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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 248726

Hob Uid: 248726
Location :
Buckinghamshire
Wycombe
High Wycombe
Grid Ref : SU8740092390
Summary : Site of a Roman villa C2nd-C4th with Mosaic Floor and Baths. Ebbs fleet flints and sherds of beaker pottery found.
More information : (SU 87409239) Roman Villa (R) (Site of). (1)

In 1722-4, a mosaic floor was discovered by workmen of the
Abbey estate, although no extended excavation was done.
Rediscovered in 1863 when the villa was partly explored by
E J Payne (see plan). Further excavations at SU 873923 under
Francis Colmer in 1932 and later, were confined to areas
already dug by Payne, but were unpublished and the present
location of any finds from these excavations and the earlier
ones is unknown.

The site was excavated in 1954 and four structures belonging
to a Roman villa complex were discovered (see plan) comprising
a medium sized house of double corridor type; a detached
bathhouse; a boundary wall with gate and gatehouse and an
outbuilding of uncertain purpose. The villa was laid out about
AD 150-170 and the baths extensively modified in the early
4th century. The economic basis of the villa is obscure and
so is its ultimate fate. No evidence of destruction was found
and the latest securly dateable object was a worn coin of
AD 320-4. Finds are divided between High Wycombe and
Aylesbury Museums. The site was completely destroyed in 1855-6
by the construction of a swimming bath. (2-3)

A scatter of worked flints and sherds of Ebbsfleet and Beaker
pottery were found beneath the villa by B R Hartley. (4)

No further information. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Recs of Bucks 3 18 1863-9 160-4 plan (E J Payne)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Recs of Bucks 16 1953-60 227-257 plans photos (B R Hartley)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Early Man in S Bucks 1955 37 (J F Head)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NKB 05-AUG-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : BU 49
Page(s) : 27
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 400
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Villa, Baths
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Buckinghamshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 380
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 89 SE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : GREAT PENN MEAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1862-01-01
End Date : 1863-12-31
Associated Activities : GREAT PENN MEAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1931-01-01
End Date : 1932-12-31
Associated Activities : GREAT PENN MEAD, HIGH WYCOMBE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1954-01-01
End Date : 1954-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 89 SE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-08-05
End Date : 1974-08-05
Associated Activities : HOLYWELL MEAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : RYE ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : THE RYE (CHILTERN CHALK STREAMS PROJECT)
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : RYE ENVIRONMENTAL CENTRE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : THE RYE CENTRE, HOLYWELL MEAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31