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Historic England Research Records

Milecastle 3

Hob Uid: 24904
Location :
Newcastle upon Tyne
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : NZ2640064660
Summary : Approximate site of a Roman milecastle seen in the early 18th century, nothing now visible.
More information : (NZ 264646) MC 3 (Milecastle) (1)

(NZ 26406466) MILECASTLE 3 (R) (site of) (NAT) (2)

The presumed site of Milecastle 3 stood at the north end of Stephen Street, Byker, overlooking and guarding the deep ravine of Ouseburn. During the 18th century the foundations of the 'castellum' or 'square fort' were observed by Stukeley (who shows it in a sketch) and Horsley, but Brand in 1789 noted that many of the stones were taken from the foundations "many years ago, to build an adjoining house". MacLauchlan in 1858 "could not discern any traces to be depended upon" and therefore omitted the position from his survey map. Collingwood Bruce described a small, partly illegible, altar dedicated by Julius Maximus, found about 90-100 ft from the east end of Byker Bridge in 1884, at or near the presumed site of Milecastle 3 Bruce searched the area a few days after the find but could not trace any Roman remains. Grace Simpson stated that her father, F G Simpson measured the approximate distance from the centre of MacLauchlan's Milecastle 2 (NZ 26 NE 25) to the presumed site of Milecastle 3 as 1,450 yds in 1928. (3-4)

Several exploratory trenches prior to and during the building of the Metro flyover in this area found no trace of the wall, or the Milecastle (a). Confirmed by Mowlem's site engineer. (5)

(The altar is now recorded separately, see NZ 26 SE 227)

NZ 264 647. Presumed site of milecastle 3 at Shields Road West. Scheduled No TW/28. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Map of Hadrian's Wall 1964 and 1972 Editions
Page(s) :
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Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:1250 1963
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Charles Daniels, Dept of Archaeology, Newcastle University
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : Tyne and Wear
Page(s) : 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (E Birley)
Page(s) : 42-44
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 38, 1960
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Iter Boreale 1776 (W Stukeley)
Page(s) : 66
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Britannia Romana 1732 (J Horsley)
Page(s) : 136
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History of Newcastle Vol 1 1789 (J Brand)
Page(s) : 138
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Source Number : 4
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : MS Notes The Narrow Wall between Newcastle and Wallsend (G Simpson Apr 1978)
Page(s) : 08-Sep
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4d
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Survey of the Roman Wall, Memoir written during a ... 1858 (H MacLauchlan)
Page(s) : 8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4e
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne
Source details : (Collingwood Bruce)
Page(s) : 357, 359
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1, 1884
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ISS 06-MAR-79
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Milecastle
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : TW 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 26 SE 15
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, STEPHEN STREET, BYKER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1970-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 26 SE 15
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1979-03-06
End Date : 1979-03-06
Associated Activities : Primary, SHIELDS ROAD, BYKER BYPASS (MILECASTLE 3)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31