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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 24926

Hob Uid: 24926
Location :
Gateshead
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : NZ2520063700
Summary : Two Roman altars, dedication slab and a carved relief, dredged up from the Tyne, possibly from a chapel or shrine on the bridge.
More information : Several Roman altars and carved stones were dredged
from the north channel of the River Tyne on the site of the Roman
bridge (at NZ 252637 - see NZ 26 SE 20)
(1) An altar bearing a carved trident and dolphin with an inscription
'To Neptune, the 6th Legion Victorious, Pious and Faithful' found
1903. In Museum of Ants, Newcastle Acc. 1903.6.
(2) An altar bearing a carved anchor with an inscription 'To
Oceanus, the 6th Legion Victorious, Pious and Faithful' found 1875.
In Museum of Ants, Newcastle Acc. 1884.11.
(3) An inscribed dedication slab to Emperor Antoninus Pius (138-161
AD) found in 1903. In Black Gate Museum (now Museum of Ants
Newcastle) (circa 1930).
(4) A carved relief of a draped female standing beneath an arch
supported by columns, found 1884. In Black Gate Museum (circa 1930).
Lewis suggested that the altars and stones pointed to a wooden chapel
(or shrine) on the bridge, although no structure is known. (1-4)

River Tyne, Newcastle Upon Tyne.
The inscription, numbered 3 above (RIB 1322) has been the subject of some debate over its meaning and significance. This note by S S Frere discusses the possible interpretation of the inscription. He concludes that the present inscription records vexillations of all three British Legions at Newcastle, and thinks its meaning may be linked to the two altars, numbered 1 and 2 above (RIB 1319 and 1320). (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Northumberland County History
Source details :
Page(s) : 543-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13 - 1930
Source Number : 2
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone; addenda and corrigenda
Source details :
Page(s) : 436-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1965
Source Number : 3
Source : Temples in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 126
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1966
Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (C Caplan and T G Newman)
Page(s) : 171-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Apr-76
Source Number : 5
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : (S Frere)
Page(s) : 329
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17 - 1986

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Altar, Dedication Stone, Shrine
Evidence : Find, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 26 SE 21
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :