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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 249475

Hob Uid: 249475
Location :
West Sussex
Chichester
Bignor
Grid Ref : SU9884014690
Summary : Excavations uncovered the site of a courtyard villa with an adjacent farmyard complex. The site was occupied from circa 200 into the 5th century. A relief-patterned tile may indicate the site of an earlier 1st-2nd century AD villa.
More information : [SU 98781469] Roman Villa [G.S.] (remains of) [T.I.] (1)

Bignor Ro. villa courtyard type excavated, scheduled. (2-6)

Four modern buildings house exposed tesselated floors and hypocausts (Rooms 3, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 26 and 56).
The foundations of the West wing are indicated by tarmacadam strips at ground level, and stretches of the foundations of the corridors of the North and South wings have been built up to ground level. The "frigidarium" (Room 55) is exposed to view. For a full description of the villa, see the Guide Book(a) attached.
Published 1:2500 survey revised. (7)

Interim reports on excavations at the Villa site. (8-11)

Full excavation reports published to date: 1956-62 (12) and 1975-6 (13). (12-13)

Discussion and interpretation of the Function of Bignor Roman Villa. (14-17)

Discussion of various artefacts from the excavations. (18-20)

Additional references. (21-22)

WS Bignor Roman villa, excavated in 1811, 1811-1818, 1925, 1956-1962, 1985-1988 and 1990 onwards. The site apparently consisted of a courtyard villa with an adjacent walled farmyard containing an aisled farmhouse. The site was occupied from c.AD 200 into the 5th century. The discovery of a relief-patterned tile may indicate the presence of a 1st-2nd century AD villa preceeding this site. A field system was found beneath the farmyard complex. (23)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Sussex: volume three
Source details :
Page(s) : 20-23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1989 (S S Frere)
Page(s) : 320
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20
Source Number : 11
Source : Sussex Archaeological Society newsletter
Source details : April 1986 (D Rudling and F Aldsworth)
Page(s) : 484-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 48
Source Number : 12
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1982 (S S Frere)
Page(s) : 135-195
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13
Source Number : 13
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : 1983 (F G Aldsworth)
Page(s) : 203-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 121
Source Number : 14
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1975 (S Applebaum)
Page(s) : 118-132
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6
Source Number : 15
Source : Oxford journal of archaeology
Source details : 1983 (E W Black)
Page(s) : 93-107
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2 (1)
Source Number : 16
Source : The Roman villas of south-east England
Source details :
Page(s) : 116
Figs. : 18-20, 28
Plates :
Vol(s) : 171
Source Number : 17
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : 1985 (D Rudling)
Page(s) : 45-49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 142
Source Number : 18
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : 1974 (I Hodder)
Page(s) : 96
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 112
Source Number : 19
Source : Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani, Great Britain. Vol 1, fasc 2 : Bath and the rest of Wessex
Source details :
Page(s) : 26
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : 1959
Page(s) : 131-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 49
Source Number : 20
Source : Religion in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 178
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 21
Source : Studies in the Romano-British villa
Source details :
Page(s) : 78
Figs. : 26, 28-9
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 22
Source : Agricultural buildings in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 54, 149
Figs. : 35
Plates :
Vol(s) : 70
Source Number : 23
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 182-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 23b
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : 1817
Page(s) : 203-21
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18
Source Number : 23c
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : 1821
Page(s) : 176-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 23d
Source : Sussex archaeological collections : relating to the history and antiquities of the counties of East and West Sussex
Source details : 1926
Page(s) : 84-88
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 67
Source Number : 23e
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : 1963
Page(s) : 155-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 53
Source Number : 23f
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1974
Page(s) : 457
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5
Source Number : 23g
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1988
Page(s) : 478-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 4
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : 1960
Page(s) : 234
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 50
Source Number : 23h
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1991
Page(s) : 289-90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22
Source Number :
Source : SU 91 SE 1 (1971)
Source details :
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Sussex notes and queries
Source details : 1960
Page(s) : 177
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 No 5
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A.M's England and Wales 1961 p88 (M.O.W.)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 02-DEC-71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bignor Roman Villa Guide 1957 (S E Winbolt and G Herbert)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1986 (S S Frere)
Page(s) : 421-3
Figs. : 29
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17
Source Number : 9
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : 1987 (S S Frere)
Page(s) : 351-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Field System, Villa, Tessellated Floor, Hypocaust
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WS 73
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (West Sussex)
External Cross Reference Number : 1674
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 91 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1811-01-01
End Date : 1815-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1956-01-01
End Date : 1962-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 91 SE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-12-02
End Date : 1971-12-02
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BIGNOR ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31