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Historic England Research Records

Benwell Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 25041
Location :
Newcastle upon Tyne
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : NZ2158064770
Summary : The site of Benwell (CONDERCUM) Roman fort, part of the defences on Hadrian's Wall. It was occupied from circa 122 AD to the 4th century. It covered an area of 5.6 acres including the ramparts. A hypocaust and a sandstone altar was found in 1937 while road-making on Benwell Park Estate. This site is now partially covered by a modern reservoir and a housing estate. Various watching briefs have shown that extensive remains of the fort are extant, often at only 0.4 metres below ground level.
More information : NZ 21587 64771: Condercum Roman Fort [GSC] (Site of)
NZ 21638 64761: Hypocaust [GSC] (Site of) (1)

The fort measured 581feet by 417 feet, giving an area of 5.6 acres including the ramparts. It was constructed between AD 122 and circa 124 and occupied until the fourth century. The northern third is entirely below a reservoir and the remainder is covered by a housing estate. Examination in 1926-9, 1938 and 1958 established the position of the ramparts and many of the internal structures. Two ditches were found outside the ramparts on the east and west sides but only one in the south. See plan (4). (2-4)

No visible remains. (5)

A sandstone altar was found in 1937 in road-making on Benwell Park Estate, SW of the Headquarters Building of the fort. It reads:- MINIIRVAE PRIMUS and has been presented to the Museum of Antiquities, Newcastle upon Tyne. (6)

Name 'CONDERCVM' accepted for 4th. edition R.B.Map.
Condercum - The Roman fort at Benwell. (7)

A pipe trench dug in 1990 revealed part of the double-granary excavated in 1937 (Authority 4), furnishing some new details concerning the form of the building; the length of the granary was at least 34.75m but its northern end was demolished during the Roman period; the structural similarities with the granaries at Haltonchesters (NY 96 NE 2) and Rudchester (NZ 16 NW 11) are discussed. (8)

Survey of the extent and preservation of the known archaeological deposits of the fort and its environs. (9)

Various watching briefs have shown that extensive remains of the fort are extant, often at only 0.4 metres below ground level. (10)

Several depictions of Benwell Roman features from the James Irwin Coates Archive. (11)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:1250 1959
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Handbook to the Roman Wall 12th edn 1966 (J Collingwood Bruce)
Page(s) : 48-56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Hadrian's Wall: archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000
Source details :
Page(s) : 12
Figs. : 15-17
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (JA Petch)
Page(s) : 135-192
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1927
Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : Jan-43
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1941
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 04-JAN-68
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 151
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 48, 1958
Source Number : 7
Source : The place-names of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 316
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : A watching brief at the Roman fort of Benwell - Condersum 1990
Source details :
Page(s) : 41-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 9
Source : The Roman Fort at Benwell and its environs : a survey of the extent and preservation of the archaeological deposits
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Hadrian's Wall 1999-2009
Source details :
Page(s) : 90-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Circa 122 AD/C4
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 122
Monument Type : Fort, Hypocaust
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Fort, Hypocaust
Object Type : ALTAR
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : TW 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 26 SW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 25044
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1156375
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 25121
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 25174
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1156356
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BENWELL (CONDERCUM) BATHS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1751-01-01
End Date : 1751-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BENWELL (CONDERCUM)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1926-01-01
End Date : 1929-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BENWELL PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1930-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BENWELL (CONDERCUM)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1937-01-01
End Date : 1937-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RESERVOIR, BENWELL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1939-01-01
End Date : 1939-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SITE OF HOOD, HAGGIE AND SON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1950-01-01
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 26 SW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-01-04
End Date : 1968-01-04
Associated Activities : Primary, CONDERCUM HOUSE, BENWELL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, BENWELL GAS TRENCH
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WEIDNER ROAD, BENWELL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DENHILL PARK, BENWELL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 52 DENHILL PARK, BENWELL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TRINITY SCHOOL (OAKFIELD COLLEGE SITE), BENWELL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31