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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 27345

Hob Uid: 27345
Location :
North Yorkshire
Hambleton
Easby
Grid Ref : NZ5898008480
Summary : Easby Castle Motte is a horseshoe shaped mound, 45 metres across, being 2.5 metres high on the north side but less than 2 metres high at the edge of the bluff. The top of the motte is slightly hollowed as a result of excavations by Howell in 1903. The south edge of the Motte is formed by the pecipitous natural scarp but elsewhere a 5 metre wide ditch surrounds it. This has silted to the north but is 1 metre deep where it runs to the edge of the bluff. The castle had timber defences and may have served as a remote watch tower or temporary refuge during the civil wars of the 12th century, and was possibly an adulterine castle. There is no evidence for a bailey. Scheduled.
More information : [NZ 58980848] Castle Mound [GT] (1)

Castle Hill, Easby visited 4th Jan 1959. "It is not a normal motte and bailey, but an enclosure - horse shoe shaped, just over 100ft on the three sides. The ditch is 12 to 15ft wide. The site of Rev. Howell's dig in 1903 is still visible - a trial pit it seems, and it produced only a flint scraper at 4ft ... the bank is 10ft high at thispoint ...' (2)

Resurveyed at 1:2500.
This earthwork represents the remains of a small motte devoid of a bailey. It is defended on the south east by natural slopes, and elsewhere by a ditch the remains of which are visible only at the two points at which the ditch merges into the natural decline. The general slope of the mound, and a hollowing of the centre towards the edge of the declivity, suggests that the landslip has resulted in a collapse of the motte. This erosion has left the motte in such a form as to be incorrectly described by Hayes as an enclosure. The measurements given are, however, reasonably correct. (3)

Probably adulterine motte at Castle Hill possibly erected by Bernard de Balliol, lord of the manor of Easby. The motte, now much mutilated, was dug into at the centre "some years ago", but nothing was found. (4)

NZ 5897 0847. Easby Castle motte. Scheduled RSM No 20534 (formerly NY/1042). The motte is a horseshoe shaped mound, 45m across, being 2.5m high on the N side but less than 2m high at the edge of the bluff. The top of motte is slightly hollowed, sloping gently to the S, and three small disturbed areas mark the location of excavation trenches opened by Howell in 1903. The S edge of the motte is formed by the precipitous natural scarp but elsewhere a 5m wide ditch surrounds it. This has silted to the N but is 1m deep where it runs to the edge of the bluff. The castle had timber defences and may have served as a remote watch-tower or temporary refuge during the civil wars of the twelfth century. (5)

Listed by Cathcart King. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1930
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (RH Hayes 7.1.59).
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ECW 28-JUN-62
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details : (W M I'Anson)
Page(s) : 245-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 22 - 1913
Source Number : 5
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 517
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Probably 1145-54
Monument End Date : 1154
Monument Start Date : 1145
Monument Type : Motte, Adulterine Castle
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 1042
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20534
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 50 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE MOUND,EASBY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1903-01-01
End Date : 1903-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 50 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-06-28
End Date : 1962-06-28