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Historic England Research Records

Chesters Roman Cemetery

Hob Uid: 1012587
Location :
Northumberland
Humshaugh
Grid Ref : NY9120069900
Summary : The probable site of a Roman cemetery in Ox-Close, circa 200 metres south-east of Chesters fort, based on antiquarian records of the discovery of tombstones. Surveys have not determined whether this area has been ploughed, and therefore damaged. If the Roman road from the south gate of the fort formed the Wesern boundary of the cemetery, it is likely to be extensive.
More information : (Previously recorded by the Ordnance Survey as NY 97 SW 5.2)

Two cemeteries at Chesters can be located with some exactness. The larger and doubtless more important one lined the south-westward road, 200 yds or more from the south gate of the fort in a field called the Ox-close. Bruce (1a) defines the position of this cemetery as 'where the river bends rapidly to the east, and where the sunk fence defining the park of Chesters joins the river's bank' (NY 911699). Early antiquaries record the discovery of Roman tombstones, some of them inscribed, from this area. (1-2)

No further information. (3)

NY 912 699 No further observations on the site of the cemetery were made in the course of the 1992-3 RCHME survey. (4)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Birley, E 1959 Chesters Roman Fort. Ministry of Works.
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Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bruce, JC 1884 Handbook to the Roman Wall. 2nd edition
Page(s) : 94
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Source Number : 2
Source : Research on Hadrian's Wall
Source details :
Page(s) : 175
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DS 15-JUN-67
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Mark Bowden/22-JAN-93/RCHME: Chesters Roman Fort Survey.
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Source Number : 5
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cemetery, Tombstone
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 9069/1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28(17)
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26051
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 96 NW 133
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1012588
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 19110
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1012583
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CHESTERS ROMAN FORT SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1992-05-27
End Date : 1993-01-22