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Historic England Research Records

Swarth Howe

Hob Uid: 29211
Location :
North Yorkshire
Scarborough
Newholm-cum-Dunsley
Grid Ref : NZ8430008910
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow is visible as an earthwork on air photographs. A central depression is visible in the barrow, as a result of partial excavation in 1852. The barrow contained a cist, cremations and an inhumation burial. Several finds were were also recorded. The monument is masked by dense vegetation on the latest 2009 vertical photography.
More information : [NZ 84300891] Swarth Howe [NR] (a Tumulus)[NAT] (1)

'Swarthoue' was excavated by Anderson, and a report read to the
society on 16th February 1854. A stone cist 3 ft by 2 ft by about 1
ft 4 ins deep, covered by a stone slab, and containing charcoal and
"dark decomposed matter" was found. Nearby was a fragment of a bone pin, and a small urn embedded in charcoal and calcined bone. In the NW quadrant of the mound traces of an internment with an urn" of the usual character" were on the old ground surface. There was also some"dark matter", apparently the remains of a body "which had been buried entire", two flint spearheads and two jet ornaments.
"This barrow had been laid slightly concave, or 'dished' at the top.
It had three walls running across it from north to south, about five
feet in length and three feet apart, four feet in height and about twofeet thick". Within these walls in the barrow was found a marked or carved stone similar to two stones comprising the remains of an
alignment (NZ 80 NW 2) which ran between Swarth Howe and two adjacent
barrows (NZ 80 NW 5 and 44). (2)

Known locally as Penny Howe. (3)

(NZ 84300891) Penny Howe (NR) (4)

Heather covered, approximately 17m diameter, and 2m high with
mutilated centre. Published survey (25") correct. (5)

NZ 843087. Swarth Howe, round barrow. Scheduled. (6)

(NZ 84300891) Swarth Howe (NR) (7)

NZ 8430 0891. Anderson No.1 (Swarth Howe)/NYM 57 in corpus. Complete
list of finds includes Abercromby type 1a food vessel urn (not
traced) and accessory cup (not traced), both of which were recorded
in Liverpool Museum records. (8)

A Bonze Age round barrow, known as Swarth Howe, situated on Dunsley Moor on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 2 metres high and has a maximum diameter of 25 metres. The barrow was originally surrounded by a kerb of stone which defined the barrow and supported the mound. However, over the years many of these stone have been taken away or buried by soil slipping off the mound. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow, the result of the partial excavation of the barrow in 1852 by S Anderson. He discovered a cist burial consisting of stone slabs set vertically into a rectangular shape around a cremation and covered with a further stone positioned horizontally. He also found two other cremations, an inhumation burial as well as two jet ornaments and a bone pin. Scheduled. (9)

A Bronze Age round barrow is visible as an earthwork on air photographs, centred at NZ 8430 0891. The barrow measures approximately 11m in diameter and a central depression is visible in the barrow. The monument is masked by dense vegetation on the latest 2009 vertical photography.
(10)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1853
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details :
Page(s) : 58
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (1863-66)
Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (R H Hayes 1955)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1958
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RE 13-JAN-71
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 51
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 7
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1976
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland research reports
Source details :
Page(s) : 86
Figs. : 42
Plates : 16
Vol(s) : 3, 1994
Source Number : 9
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 02-Jul-99
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK/1700 2262 27-AUG-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow, Cist, Cremation, Inhumation
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Round Barrow, Cist, Cremation, Inhumation
Object Type : VESSEL, LITHIC IMPLEMENT, JEWELLERY
Object Material : Pottery, Flint, Jet

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 199
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 32039
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 80 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, PENNY HOWE (SWARTH HOWE)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1852-01-01
End Date : 1852-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 80 NW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-01-13
End Date : 1971-01-13
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: NORTH YORK MOORS NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2010-06-01
End Date : 2011-05-01