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Historic England Research Records

Old Mulgrave Castle

Hob Uid: 29499
Location :
North Yorkshire
Scarborough
Lythe
Grid Ref : NZ8390011600
Summary : Twelfth century castle with 13th century additions including a gatehouse and late 16th century alterations, surrounded by double ditch. Dismantled in 1647. It is an irregular polygon in plan, and has been incorporated into a late 18th century planned landscape. The castle is visible as ruined buildings, structures, ruined structures and earthworks on air photographs. Additional holloway and possible remnants of building foundations are visible within the wall perimeter, immediately to the east and north of the keep. Probable remains of later planned landscape consisting of terraced ground are visible just outside the southern courting wall. The castle, gatehouse, towers and courting wall are still extant on the lastest 2009 photography.
More information : NZ 83951168 Mulgrave Castle (NR) (Remains of) (NAT)
Moat (NR) (1)

The overgrown remains of Mulgrave Castle built in 1214 with later additions, and dismantled 1647 (see plan) is surrounded by two deep ditches. The castle consists of an irregular polygonal enclosure encircled by a curtain wall with towers at intervals. Near the centre of the enclosure is a square keep, formerly surrounded by other buildings; the foundations of which were partly excavated by "the present Marquess of Normanby" (pre 1923). The lower parts of the north and south walls of the keep and a portion of the curtain wall at the south west side may be contemporary with the erection of the castle. (2-3)

Earthworks revised at 1.2500 on NZ 8311/NZ 8411 (4)

Old Mulgrave Castle. Ruinated and much obscured by ivy. The core is C12. The gatehouse is C13 with semi-circular towers. The keep may be c.1300 but it was altered in the late C16. Plan and full description in Vol.II of the V.C.H. of North Riding. (5)

NZ 839 116. Mulgrave Castle. Scheduled. (6)

NZ 8394 1168. Old Mulgrave Castle: an enclosure castle incorporated into an 18th century planned landscape. Scheduled RSM No 20535. (7)

Additional reference. (8)

Listed by Cathcart king. (9)

Mulgrave Castle described by the authorities above is visible as ruined buildings, structures, ruined structures and earthworks on air photographs, centred at NZ 8394 1168. Additional holloway and possible remnants of building foundations are visible within the wall perimeter, immediately to the east and north of the keep. Probable remains of post medieval planned landscape consisting of terraced ground are visible outside the southern courting wall. To the north of the castle lie two rectilinear structures of unknown function, likely to be associated. The castle, gatehouse, towers and curtain wall are still extant on the latest 2009 photography.
(10-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 25" map sheet 1974
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, North Riding, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 391-3
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Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR NZ 8311/7 NMR 12650/3 12-DEC-1997
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Source : Mulgrave Castle, heights plot
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Source : Mulgrave Castle, feature numbers
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Source : Mulgrave Castle/pencil survey
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Source : Mulgrave Castle/ink survey
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Source : Mulgrave Castle
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Source Number : 3
Source : Norman castles in Britain
Source details : (D Renn)
Page(s) : 250
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Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : D Smith/15-JUL-1970/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Whitby RD Yorkshire North Riding MAR-1968 42
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 64
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Vol(s) : 1978
Source Number : 7
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
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Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : North Yorkshire (May 1987)
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Vol(s) : Part 32
Source Number : 9
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 522
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Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF/106G/UK/1700 3262 27-AUG-1946
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1214
Monument End Date : 1214
Monument Start Date : 1214
Monument Type : Castle, Keep, Curtain Wall, Ditch, Hollow Way, Structure, Tower
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork, Structure
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1214-99
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1214
Monument Type : Gatehouse
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Terraced Ground
Evidence : Earthwork, Levelled Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Late C16 alterations
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1567
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : dismantled 1647
Monument End Date : 1647
Monument Start Date : 1647
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : late 18th century
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1767
Monument Type : Folly
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 86
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 327243
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20535
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 79050
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (N Yorks National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : 7406
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 81 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1066612
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 81 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-02-15
End Date : 1970-02-15
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 81 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-07-15
End Date : 1970-07-15
Associated Activities : Primary, INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD MULGRAVE CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: NORTH YORK MOORS NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2010-06-01
End Date : 2011-05-01