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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 621258

Hob Uid: 621258
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Dunster
Grid Ref : SS9912043440
Summary : Post Medieval gardens situated on Castle Hill, Dunster Castle, covering an area of 6 hectares and date mainly to the early 18th century. Late 18th century landscaping was carried out by Henry Fownes Luttrell. Additions were also carried out during the 19th and early 20th century.
More information :
(SS 99124344 NGR located from Authority 1 and OS 1:10000 1974)

Gardens on Castle Hill, Dunster Castle, cover an area of 6 ha, with terracing below the castle. Features include a moveable glasshouse which housed date palms, lemon and olive trees. A cascade is also present. The keep was levelled to create a walled bowling green, the west slopes terraced and a vineyard planted in the early 18th century. The conservatory was constructed by A. Salvin in 1867. A sumerhouse was constructed in 1727. The wooded area contains native and exotic trees mostly replanted by the National Trust. This area was landscaped in the late 18th century by Henry Fownes Luttrell.
(1).

During the medieval period the defence of the castle was to the fore. A plot of land between the outer castle wall and West Street was known as "Castel dichepasture" in 1430, and the moat of Dunster is mentioned in 1318 and 1381. The castle was besieiged in the 17th century. In the early 18th century lanscaping of the motte was carried out. A bowling green was created on the summit, and a summerhouse built (SS 94 SE 106) (2). A contemporary engraving shows planting on the sides of the motte, with a wooded area below the drive (3).

In the later part of the 18th century HF Luttrell added to the landscape development begun earlier that century. A tower and gateway were built as follies on Conygar Hill (SS 94 SE 38, 101). A 13th century tower on the curtain wall was also rebuilt as a folly (SS 94 SE 109). Two ornamental bridges, Gallox Bridge and the gateway at Castle Mill all functioned as part of this landscape (SS 94 SE 103, 104, 3, 105). The New Deer Park (SS 94 SE 35) was created in 1755 by HF Luttrell, as the backdrop to the immediate surroundings of the castle.

By 1830 the castle mount was described as "covered with evergreens, flowering shrubs and trees to its top" (4). Later in the 19th century, as part of the rebuilding work on the Castle by Salvin (between 1868 and 1872), a conservatory and orangery were added to the south front. Early in the 20th century, a polo ground was created on the area known as the Lawns by the River Avill. The Polo Bungalow still exists. The cemetery for the pets of the Luttrell family lies close to the base of the motte (SS 94 SE 110) (5).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Somerset
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) : PART 36
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dodd D 1979 Dunster Castle National Trust Guidebook
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Engraving of Dunster Castle from the northeast in 1733 by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Savage J 1830 History of the Hundred of Carhampton
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Riley H 1998 RCHME Field Investigation
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Early C18
Monument End Date : 1732
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Garden Terrace, Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Late C18 landscaping
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1767
Monument Type : Garden, Garden Terrace
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C19 landscaping
Monument End Date : 1899
Monument Start Date : 1800
Monument Type : Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Early C20 landscaping
Monument End Date : 1932
Monument Start Date : 1900
Monument Type : Garden
Evidence : Botanical Feature

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 34622
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Register of Parks and Gardens Legacy No.
External Cross Reference Number : GD1436
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 94 SE 87
External Cross Reference Notes :

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