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Historic England Research Records

The Bull Ring

Hob Uid: 305997
Location :
Derbyshire
High Peak
Chapel-en-le-Frith
Grid Ref : SK0784878239
Summary : The Bull Ring, a Henge monument, extant as an earthwork, comprising a sub-oval enclosure defined by a ditch and external bank. The site has been damaged in the past by quarrying, while there are also traces of ridge and furrow in the interior. The maximum external diameter is circa 85 metres. The bank is circa 1.1 metres high and up to 9.8 metres wide. The ditch is up to 12.2 metres wide and 0.6 metres deep. There are two opposing causewayed entrances at the north and south. Excavation has occurred on three occasions - the bank was sectioned in 1902; some potsherds, possibly Beaker/Early Bronze Age were found. In 1949 several trenches across bank and ditch were dug, and some investigation of both entrances occurred. Two possible Beaker sherds were found, one apparently below the ditch silts. The ditch also contained flint flakes and scrapers plus some ox bones and teeth. In 1984-5 a large area outside the southern entrance was investigated. Only undated and post medieval features were found, although some flints were present. An 18th century source states that the enclosure once contained a stone setting. In 1789, apparently, only a single stone remained.
More information : The Bull Ring, a Henge monument, extant as an earthwork, comprising a sub-oval enclosure defined by a ditch and external bank. The site has been damaged in the past by quarrying, while there are also traces of ridge and furrow in the interior. The maximum external diameter is circa 85 metres. The bank is circa 1.1 metres high and up to 9.8 metres wide. The ditch is up to 12.2 metres wide and 0.6 metres deep. There are two opposing causewayed entrances at the north and south. Excavation has occurred on three occasions - the bank was sectioned in 1902; some potsherds, possibly Beaker/Early Bronze Age were found. In 1949 several trenches across bank and ditch were dug, and some investigation of both entrances occurred. Two possible Beaker sherds were found, one apparently below the ditch silts. The ditch also contained flint flakes and scrapers plus some ox bones and teeth. In 1984-5 a large area outside the southern entrance was investigated. Only undated and post medieval features were found, although some flints were present. An 18th century source states that the enclosure once contained a stone setting. In 1789, apparently, only a single stone remained.

[SK 07847824] Bull Ring [T.I]; Henge [O.E]. (1)

The Bull Ring [SK] (078783) is of the `double-entrance' class of
Henge Monument [see plan AO:62:290:7] No stone-holes were found, but
it is known from an 18th century account (a) that the monument once
had a stone setting. Excavated in March 1949 when the dating evidence
was confined to two fragments of pottery probably related to Beaker
fabric.

To the south-west of the ring and about 240ft from its centre is a
tumulus a little over 60ft square of uncertain age and purpose.
Scheduled, Bull Ring and round barrow. (2-3)

A class II henge monument. No stones are evident. Resurveyed at
1:2500. Barrow surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

Excavations by the southern entrance in 1984-5 recovered only undated
and post-medieval features,with re-deposited flints. A detailed
survey of the henge was made to facilitate the monitoring of
subsequent changes to the site. (5-6)

SK 0785 7823. Bull Ring henge, oval barrow and bowl barrow. This
monument is situated on the north-western edge of the limestone
plateau of Derbyshire and includes, within a single area, Bull Ring
henge and the adjacent oval barrow. Also included is the bowl barrow
superimposed on the western end of the oval barrow. Scheduled RSM
no. 23282. (7)

(8-9)

The henge feature described above is visible as an earthwork on air photographs, centred at SK 0784 7824. The feature was mapped as part of the Derbyshire and Peak District Aggregates Assessment Survey and appears extant on the latest EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 2005 photography accessed 18-AUG-2009.
(10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : Alcock, L. The Henge Monument of the Bull Ring, Dove Holes, Derbyshire.
Page(s) : 81-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1950
Source Number : 10
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SK 0778/25 DNR 12208/1 15-NOV-1991
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pilkington, J. 1789. A View of The Present State of Derbyshire vol II, 1789, p.462-3
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ancient Monuments of England and Wales, 1961, p.31. (Ministry Of Works)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 02-FEB-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Derbyshire archaeological journal
Source details : Barnatt, J. Excavations at the Bull Ring henge, Dove Holes, Derbyshire, 1984-5
Page(s) : May-20
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 108, 1988
Source Number : 6
Source : Henge monuments and related sites of Great Britain : air photographic evidence and catalogue
Source details : Site 040
Page(s) : 112-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 175
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage, Scheduling Amendment, Derbyshire, 17-JAN-1994
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Stone circles of Britain : taxonomic and distributional analyses and a catalogue of sites in England, Scotland and Wales
Source details : Site 12:25
Page(s) : 471-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 215 (i-ii)
Source Number : 9
Source : The henges, stone circles and ringcairns of the Peak District
Source details :
Page(s) : 39-41
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Henge, Stone Setting
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Henge, Stone Setting
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Henge, Stone Setting
Object Type : LITHIC IMPLEMENT, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Flint
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Henge, Stone Setting
Object Type : VESSEL, LITHIC IMPLEMENT, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Flint

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DR 35
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 23282
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Derbyshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 3505
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 07 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1210925
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE BULL RING, DOVE HOLES
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1902-01-01
End Date : 1902-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE BULL RING, DOVE HOLES
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1949-01-01
End Date : 1949-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 06 NW 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-02-02
End Date : 1966-02-02
Associated Activities : Primary, THE BULL RING, DOVE HOLES
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE BULL RING, DOVE HOLES
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE:DERBYSHIRE AND PEAK DISTRICT AGGREGATES ASSESSMENT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2009-05-05
End Date : 2010-06-15