HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Aquae Arnemetiae

Hob Uid: 306059
Location :
Derbyshire
High Peak
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SK0579173461
Summary : The site of the Roman town Aquae Arnemetiae at Buxton. In the 18th century lead-lined baths, red plaster and Roman building remains were recorded in the St Anne's Well area of Buxton. The evidence is now largely covered by the Crescent Hotel and baths. In 1975 during reconstruction work, a brick structure and a votive deposit of 232 Roman coins, three bronze bracelets and a wire clasp ranging in the date from 1st century AD to 4th AD were revealed.
More information : Traces of Roman buildings and baths have been found in the area of St Anne's Crescent, Buxton. [SK 0579 7347] (1). Before 1709 St. Anne's Well, at the south-west end of the Crescent, rose into a stone basin built up within a Roman plastered wall (a).

[SK 0584 7347] (ii) About 1700, 50 yds. east of St. Ann's Well, the lead casing of a probable Roman bath was discovered (a). [SK 0575 7348] (iii) A bath was discovered in 1780-1 (b). During the construction of St Anne's Crescent, 6 yds from the then Bathroom, now represented by the Natural Baths close to St. Anne's Well, at the westend of the Crescent. A portion of the crescent was built over them. (1)

Aqvae Arnemetiae. Spa. (2)

Buxton is now a modern Spa town. No Roman remains have been preserved in situ.
Name 'AQVAE ARNEMETIAE' accepted for 4th. edition R.B.Map. (3)

In the 18th century lead-lined baths, red plaster and Roman building remains were recorded in the St Anne's Well area of Buxton. The evidence is now largely covered by the Crescent Hotel and baths. In 1975 during reconstruction work, a brick structure and a votive deposit of 232 Roman coins, three bronze bracelets and a wire clasp ranging in the date from 1st century A.D. to 4th A.D. (c,d) were revealed.

The finds are currently held by the Buxton Technical Services Dept of the High Peak Borough Council. The finds are thought to indicate native offerings to Arneinetia throughout the Roman occupation. The 20th century baths, where the reconstruction work took place, have become derelict. (4)

Additional references (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Derby 1 1905 223-4 (F Haver field)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Mineral Waters of Derby 1734 44 23 (T.Short)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : View of the Present State of Derbys. 1789 vol. 1 211
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS Map of Ro. Britain 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 02-FEB-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : N Derby Arch Surv to AD 1500 1981 94 (C R Hart)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Personal Communication Mr Chapman Buxton Technical Serv Dept
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : N Derby Arch Trust SMR (Microfiche reel 1, undated)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Letter J R Alan, Manchester Mus 2.8.70, to N Derby Arch Comm.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Baths, Building, Spa, Shrine, Town
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 07 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 06 NW 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-02-02
End Date : 1966-02-02
Associated Activities : Primary, THE NATURAL BATHS, BUXTON
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BUXTON CRESCENT & NATURAL BATHS
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31