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Historic England Research Records

Yeaveley Hospitallers Preceptory

Hob Uid: 307702
Location :
Derbyshire
Derbyshire Dales
Yeaveley
Grid Ref : SK1720040020
Summary : The site of a preceptory of the Knights Hospitallers and includes the standing remains of the 13th century chapel of St Mary and St John the Baptist, the buried remains of other buildings of the preceptory which, together with the chapel, lie within a moated site, and a fishpond which lies adjacent to the north eastern corner of the moat. The moat is fed by a stream which enters it at its north western corner and leaves it at its north eastern corner. Next to the north eastern corner it has been artificially widened in the medieval period to create a fishpond. The remains of the preceptory chapel, which are listed Grade I, include part of the north wall which stands to roof height. The upstanding remains exhibit fluted columns on the inside of the chapel and carved heads and oak leaves on the outside. There are three surviving pointed-arch windows with the remains of another two flanking. The preceptory was founded during the reign of Richard I (1189-99) and was dissolved in 1540. Scheduled.
More information : (SK 17204002) Stydd Hall (NR). (Name SK 170395) St Mary and St John the Baptist's Chapel (NR) (Remains of) (1)

The preceptory of Yeaveley at Stydd later styled "Yeaveley and Barrow" was a preceptory or commandery of the Knights Hospitallers dedicated to St John Baptist and the Blessed Virgin and founded in the reign of Richard I, (1189-99) and was formerly a hermitage. It was dissolved in 1540. There are considerable remains of the original chapel. The irregular remains of the moat and the foundations of other parts of the preceptory can still be traced. The remainder was apparently destroyed when Stydd Hall was erected, parts of which are Elizabethan and probably the work of Francis Colwich who acquired it in 1559.
Scheduled. (2-5)

See GP's AO/66/17/7 & 66/18/4 for the hall and AO/66/18/2 & 3 for
the remains of the chapel. Published surveys (1:2500) of moat and
chapel revised. A fishpond adjoins the east arm of the moat. (6)

Three modern windows have recently replaced mullion windows adjoining the NW corner of Stydd Hall, which remains outstanding. Condition - fair. Published survey (25") of the probably medieval fishpond revised. (7)

(SK 17204002) Stydd hall (NR)
(SK 17154004) Moat (NR)
(SK 17203997) Preceptory (NR) (remains of) (NAT) (8)

The hospital of St Saviour, Stydd, was founded in the late C12th. From c.1200 to 1265 the hospital, dedicated to God and the Holy Saviour, seems to have been an independent foundation and may have been a leper hospital. The hospital still had a warden in 1339.
Excavations in the vicinity of the chapel took place in 1912, under the aegis of Stonyhurst College and in 1971 and 1972 under Edwards' direction. The Stonyhurst excavations produced evidence of stone buildings of at least two phases - in grey gritstone and red sandstone (see illust card). Excavations in 1971 and 1972 opened Trenches I to IV (1971) and V and VI (1972) (see illus card). No buildings were identified. Roman pottery was found in Trenche II and III and IV; medieval pottery was also found. (9)

Yeaveley. One wall of the 13th century chapel remains. The present house stands on medieval stone foundations, but is Elizabethan or Jacobean. (10)

SK 172401. Moat surrounding Stydd hall, site of the Preceptory of Stydd. (11)

Additional references for documentary evidence. (12,13)

Remains of Chapel of St Mary and St John the Baptist to south of Stydd Hall. Grade I.
Remains of former chapel.Early C13 with later alterations. Sandstone, capped to top of walls with plain tiles. Remains of south wall and a corner of the east wall survive but little else. South wall has plain plinth with three thin chamfered lancets with continuous moulded hoods and sill bands to south side. The north elevation of the same windows have nook shafts to sides with superbly carved foliaged capitals and above,moulding
round top of arches with hoodmould above springing from finely carved corbel heads or foliaged bosses. To east side of these windows the plinth has low doorway through with segmental arched head. East wall to west side has another carved corbel head and
the remains of another nook shaft. Inside the building is a plain stone font probably contemporary with the chapel. Also a scheduled ancient monument. (14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : 6" 1955
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Cox JC. 1877. The Churches of Derbyshire, 3, 279-283
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trent Valley Archaeological Research Committee Gazetteer. 1980, 5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : English Place-Name Society : the survey of English place-names [county volumes]
Source details : Derbyshire, 1959
Page(s) : 619
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 13
Source : Derbyshire miscellany : bulletin of the Local History Section, Derbyshire Archaeological Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 113-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1982
Source Number : 14
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Derbyshire Dales 19/07/1985
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 02/01/1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 248
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Derby, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 392
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 1961
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 28/08/1966
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 19/03/1974
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : 1:10000 1982
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Lancashire archaeological bulletin
Source details :
Page(s) : 33-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3, 1977
Source Number : 10
Source : Derbyshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 362
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 1189 to 1540
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1189
Monument Type : Hospitallers Preceptory, Moat, Fishpond
Evidence : Building, Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Founded 1189-99
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1189
Monument Type : Hospitallers Preceptory
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C13
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Hospitallers Preceptory, Chapel
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Dissolved 1540
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Hospitallers Preceptory
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DR 26
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 23335
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 81336
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 33077
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 14 SE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 513214
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, HOSPITAL OF ST SAVIOUR, STYDD HALL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1912-01-01
End Date : 1912-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 13 NE 23
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-08-28
End Date : 1966-08-28
Associated Activities : Primary, HOSPITAL OF ST SAVIOUR,STYDD HALL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1971-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 13 NE 23
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-03-19
End Date : 1974-03-19