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Historic England Research Records

Calling Low Dale Rock Shelter

Hob Uid: 308459
Location :
Derbyshire
Derbyshire Dales
Youlgreave
Grid Ref : SK1837065410
Summary : Rock shelter at Calling Low Dale excavated between 1937 and 1939 by by Colonel JA Harris or Major T Harris, depending on which source is consulted, with the assistance of Leslie Armstrong. Two features described as cists were found, both being approximate arcs of limestone blocks set against the wall of the shelter. One, cist A, contained a crouched female inhumation, the skull apparently pierced by a sharp weapon at the front. No artefacts were present. Cist B was filled with a fine soil which contained a quantity of human bones, most apparently belonging to a single individual, but bones of three of four other individuals were also present. Among the bones were sherds from two Peterborough Ware bowls, only one of which survives, plus flint and chert "waste" and a single flint petit-tranchet derivative arrowhead. In addition, a female crouched inhumation was discovered near cist A; a human pelvis and a fox's skull were found together in a niche in the shelter wall; at least 6 individual child burials (all crouched inhumations) were discovered at various locations beneath the shelter overhang; just beyond the overhang were some potsherds (described as "indeterminate") with more human bones, and a little further away was a similar group of sherds and bones. To the west of the main shelter, against the rock wall, was an extended inhumation of an adult male with no accomanying artefacts. Three flint flakes of Upper Palaeolithic date were reportedly discovered from "a Late Pleistocene sand". At least some finds from the site (including the surviving Peterborough Ware bowl) are in Sheffield City Museum.
More information : [SK 1835 6538](1) A rock-shelter at Church Dale "off
Lathkill Dale, below Calling Low (3) near Monyash was excavated by
Colonel J.A. Harris of Bakewell, 1937-39 when he found two cists,
one containing a mass of human bones with a Peterborough bowl and
a flint arrowhead of derived petit tranchet type and further
burials outside the cists [see plan F/54/175/1 and illus. F/54/175/2]
(1-3)

The shelter is situated at SK 1837 6541. Harris retains all the
material found. (4)

Additional references. (5-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr.6" (D. Bramwell 1951)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
Source details : Harris, JA. Secondary Neolithic Burials at Church Dale, near Monyash, Derbyshire, 1937-39
Page(s) : 228-30
Figs. : 1, 2
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1953
Source Number : 10
Source : The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of man and nature in the Late Ice Age
Source details :
Page(s) : 116
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf. from Colonel Harris
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : British caving : an introduction to speleology
Source details :
Page(s) : 272
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 17-MAR-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Derbyshire archaeological journal
Source details : Gilks, JA. The Peterborough Ware Bowl from Calling Low Dale, Derbyshire
Page(s) : 37-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 91, 1971
Source Number : 6
Source : Man-land relations in prehistoric Britain : the Dove-Derwent interfluve, Derbyshire. A study in human ecology
Source details :
Page(s) : 114, 178
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 64
Source Number : 7
Source : Gazetteer of Mesolithic sites in England and Wales, with a gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic sites in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 424
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20
Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Marsden BM. 1977. The Burial mounds of Derbyshire Priv pubn 114-5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : The Peakland Archaeological Society bulletin
Source details : Bramwell, D. The Upper Palaeolithic Cultures of the Peak District.
Page(s) : 17
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18, 1962

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Upper Palaeolithic
Display Date : Upper Palaeolithic
Monument End Date : -10000
Monument Start Date : -40000
Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Cist, Crouched Inhumation
Evidence : Structure, Sub Surface Deposit, Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Extended Inhumation
Evidence : Subterranean Feature, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Upper Palaeolithic
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter
Object Type : FLAKE
Object Material : Flint
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Rock Shelter, Cist, Crouched Inhumation
Object Type : VESSEL, TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD, HUMAN REMAINS, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Flint

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 16 NE 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHURCH DALE/CALLING LOW DALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1937-01-01
End Date : 1939-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 15 SE 47
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-03-17
End Date : 1966-03-17