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Historic England Research Records

Ravenclife Cave

Hob Uid: 309125
Location :
Derbyshire
Derbyshire Dales
Great Longstone
Grid Ref : SK1740073560
Summary : A cave located on the eastern side of Cressbrook Dale. It was explored between 1902 and 1906, and again between 1927 and 1929. In both instances the published reports are rather lacking in detail. Items recovered from the cave include "an isolated scraper of uncertain affinity" (Campbell), but regarded as Upper Palaeolithic; Neolithic polished stone axes, a leaf arrowhead, scrapers and sherds of Peterborough Ware; Beaker sherds; two strips of ribbed gold, possibly representing some kind of ornament (bracelets?) of Bronze Age date; collared urn sherds; Iron Age pottery; Roman pottery, glass beads, bronze brooches, stone hones and shale beads. A bronze awl and some bone items including a ring are probably later prehistoric in date. One glass bead may be Saxon. Human and animal remains were also recovered. The former are generally regarded as later prehistoric in date. The latter may cover all periods from the Palaeolithic to the Roman period.
More information : [SK 17377366] (1) Ravenscliffe Cave overlooking Ravendale
Cottages, on the east side of Cressbrook Dale was explored from
1902 onwards, the finds incluidng a side-scraper of Mousterian
type (2), two Neolithic stone axes, Peterborough, Rusticated,
Overhanging Rim Urn & Early Iron Age pottery, two E.B.A. gold
bands, (3) and R.B. 'Derbyshire' ware dated by brooches to the
latter part of the 2nd century. (1-5)

A very large cave,the entrance situated at SK 17407356. (6)

Bronze Age pottery from Ravencliffe cave (SK 17377366) is listed
by Challis and Harding. (7)

Additional references. (8-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr. 6" (S.O. Kay Apr 1953)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : British caving : an introduction to speleology
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Smith, RA. Ravencliffe Cave.
Page(s) : 55-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 34, 1912
Source Number : 12
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Storrs Fox, W. Ravencliffe Cave.
Page(s) : 71-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 50, 1929
Source Number : 13
Source : The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of man and nature in the Late Ice Age
Source details :
Page(s) : 148-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : Romano-British cavemen : cave use in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19
Source Number : 15
Source : A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds
Source details :
Page(s) : 52-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Storrs Fox, W and CH Read. Ravencliffe Cave.
Page(s) : 141-157
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 32, 1910
Source Number : 4
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : Gillam, JP
Page(s) : 434-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1939
Source Number : 5
Source : Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details : Brailsford, JW. Later Prehistoric Cave-Dwellings of Derbyshire, as represented by material in the British Museum.
Page(s) : 54-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 77, 1957
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 05-JAN-66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Later prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne
Source details :
Page(s) : 34
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20(i-ii)
Source Number : 8
Source : Gazetteer of Mesolithic sites in England and Wales, with a gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic sites in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 418
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20
Source Number : 9
Source : Man-land relations in prehistoric Britain : the Dove-Derwent interfluve, Derbyshire. A study in human ecology
Source details :
Page(s) : 170, 174
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 64
Source Number : 10
Source : The flint arrowheads of the British Isles : a detailed study of material from England and Wales with comparanda from Scotland and Ireland
Source details :
Page(s) : 324
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 75

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Upper Palaeolithic
Display Date : Upper Palaeolithic
Monument End Date : -10000
Monument Start Date : -40000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Later Prehistoric
Display Date : Later Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Cave
Evidence : Subterranean Feature

Components and Objects:
Period : Upper Palaeolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : SCRAPER (TOOL), ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Flint
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : POLISHED AXEHEAD, LEAF ARROWHEAD, SCRAPER (TOOL), VESSEL
Object Material : Stone, Flint, Pottery
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery, Gold
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Later Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : HUMAN REMAINS, AWL, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Bronze
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Cave
Object Type : BROOCH, VESSEL, BEAD, ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material : Pottery, Bronze, Glass

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 17 SE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RAVENCLIFFE CAVE, CRESSBROOK DALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1902-01-01
End Date : 1906-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RAVENCLIFFE CAVE, CRESSBROOK DALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1928-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 17 NW 27
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-01-05
End Date : 1966-01-05