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Historic England Research Records

Chatsworth House

Hob Uid: 312000
Location :
Derbyshire
Derbyshire Dales
Chatsworth
Grid Ref : SK2602070100
Summary : Country house constructed 1687-9 by William Talman, with additions including the East front of 1689-91 by Talman, west front 1700-03, north front 1705-7 by Thomas Archer. The house was built for the first Duke of Devonshire. Alterations and additions 1756-60 by James Paine, mostly replaced 1820-40 by Jeffrey Wyatt. The house is thought to sit on the site, and follow the basic plan, of an earlier house for Bess of Hardwick, then married into the Cavendish family that still inhabit the estate today.
More information : [SK 260701] Chatsworth House [T.I.] (1)

Chatsworth is one of the three most impressive mansions in the county. The two main building periods are 1687-1707 and 1820-42. There are no visible remains of an earlier, Elizabethan house, c.1557, on the same site. (2)

A perfectly preserved example of the period. (3)

I Chatsworth House.
The present vast mansion was begun in 1687 and continued during the C.18 and early part of C.19. The first architect was William Talman and Wren was consulted a few years later. The early C.19 extensions are due to Sir Jeffrey Wyatville. The chapel is particularly good with its original fittings and scheme of decoration. See Country Life, vol.XLIII, 12, 35, 60, 8 84 and Derbyshire by N. Pevsner pp. 81-93

Chatsworth House originated with the south wing build by William Talman in 1687-89 for the first Duke of Devonshire. Talman also constructed the east front in 1689-91, although the west and north fronts were constructed by Thomas Archer in 1700-3 and 1705-7 respectively. It is thought to retain the basic plan of an earlier house on the site, built for Bess of Hardwick who at the time was married into the Cavendish family, who continue to own and run the estate. Local sandstone ashlar is the main building material and the roofs are hidden behind parapets. The house is a complex mix of Baroque and Neo-classical styles with Ionic, Corinthian and Doric elements as well as balustraded parapets, friezes and elaborate pediments. Alterations were carried out in 1756-60 by James Paine and from 1820-42 by Jeffrey Wyatt.

Chatsworth House sits in extensive parkland and formal gardens laid out by George London and Henry Wise. Both the house and gardens are open to visitors. (4; 6)



Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Derbyshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 81-82
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FRH 30-NOV-65
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Bakewell Rural District, July 1963,
Page(s) : 13-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Derbyshire
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 10
Source Number : 6
Source : England's Landscape: The East Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 138
Figs. : 6.13
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Constructed c1557
Monument End Date : 1567
Monument Start Date : 1547
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Demolished Building, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Constructed 1687-9
Monument End Date : 1689
Monument Start Date : 1687
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Additions 1689-91
Monument End Date : 1691
Monument Start Date : 1689
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Additions of 1700-03
Monument End Date : 1703
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Additions of 1705-07
Monument End Date : 1707
Monument Start Date : 1705
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Additons of 1756-60
Monument End Date : 1760
Monument Start Date : 1756
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Additons of 1820-42
Monument End Date : 1842
Monument Start Date : 1820
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 95146
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 81648
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 27 SE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1117933
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1540212
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1625928
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, UNKNOWN
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 27 NW 83
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-11-30
End Date : 1965-11-30
Associated Activities : Primary, SALISBURY LAWN, CHATSWORTH HOUSE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHATSWORTH HOUSE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHATSWORTH HOUSE CAR PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHATSWORTH HOUSE TERRACES
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHATSWORTH HOUSE BIOMASS HEATING SCHEME
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31