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Historic England Research Records

Castle Hill

Hob Uid: 312710
Location :
Sheffield
Bradfield
Grid Ref : SK2710092330
Summary : Medieval motte or ringwork, possible a siege castle visible as an earthwork. The motte, which has an average height of 4 metres, merges with the steep scarp of the ridge in the south. Its sides have been extensively quarried, and the top has been mutilated. No traces of buildings are now visible, though it is said that the keep was still visible in 1819. Scheduled.
More information : [SK 27109233] Castle Hill [G.T.]. (1)

At Castle Hill in Hunter's time the remains of a keep were visible, with a ditch round it except on the steep side of the hill. (2)

Scheduled. (3)

An elongated motte with circumscribing ditch occupies the northern extremity of the long natural ridge at Castle Hill. The motte, which has an average height of 4.0m, merges with the steep scarp of the ridge in the south. Its sides have been extensively quarried, and the top has been mutilated. No traces of any building foundations are visible.

A surrounding ditch has been partially infilled by the quarrying activity. It is best preserved on the northern side where it has a maximum depth of 1.0m. There are no other apparent outworks. A 25" survey has been made. (4)

Survey of 3.7.61 unchanged. (5)

Listed as a probable ringwork. It is suggested the site could be a seige castle or a predecessor to Bailey Hill (SK 29 SE/12). (6)

Listed by Cathcart King as Bradfield no. 2. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov edit 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of York, volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 26-Jul
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Vol(s) : 1912
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hunter J 1819 The History of Sheffield (269)
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Kirkby Inquest (Surtees Soc)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : List of Ancient Monuments of England & Wales 1938 93 (MOW)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 03-JUL-61
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 JRF 08-FEB-65
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (J Birch)
Page(s) : 458-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 137 - 1980
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 514
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte, Siege Castle
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13244
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 29 SE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 29 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1961-07-03
End Date : 1961-07-03
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 29 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-02-08
End Date : 1965-02-08