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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 314874

Hob Uid: 314874
Location :
Sheffield
Sheffield
Ecclesfield
Grid Ref : SK3277094340
Summary : The extensive remains of a Romano-British field system and settlement situated in ancient woodland, visible as lynchets, terraces, cairns and embankments, together with traces of orthostatic field walls. The field system stands on gently sloping ground on the northern urban fringe of the city of Sheffield. A series of low, stony embankments forming several enclosed areas are key features of the monument, indicating that the area was divided into a series of relatively small fields of irregular form. Within the enclosed areas are several cairns of small and medium stones collected as a result of progressive field clearance. Some of the cairns form part of the enclosure embankments. In two areas of the field system are a series of smaller and more complex enclosures which are likely to be domestic yards surrounding former dwelling sites. At the north western extent of the surviving field system are upstanding walls forming a small enclosure comprising large upright boulders. The irregular nature of a modern boundary wall extending from the enclosure, and its construction incorporating embankments and large boulders, indicate that at least part of the modern wall overlays a field boundary of Romano-British origin. The field system is interpreted as the remains of a Romano-British farmstaed, one of a small number of similar monuments surviving on the eastern gritstone fringe of the southern Pennines. Scheduled.
More information : [SK 328943] A few stone banks and seven mounds, probably
barrows, represent an agricultural settlement in Wheata Wood. (1)

The pattern of this 'settlement' (see accompanying sketch-plan)
cannot be traced except for two mounds at SK 32739438 'A' and
SK 32699434 'B'. The mounds (surveyed at 1/2500) are very small
(average ht. 0.7m) and may be clearance heaps. Traces of banks
which still exist appear to be old field boundaries of little
significance. (2)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JHO
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Source Number : 1a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral: L.H. Butcher 23, Laird Avenue, Sheffield.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RL 17-FEB-65
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Source Number : 3
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 21-Jan-99
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman-British
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Farmstead, Field System, Lynchet, Embankment, Clearance Cairn, Enclosure, Field Boundary, Wall
Evidence : Earthwork, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 31226
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 39 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 39 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1953-01-01
End Date : 1953-01-01
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 39 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-02-17
End Date : 1965-02-17