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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 314909

Hob Uid: 314909
Location :
Sheffield
Sheffield
Ecclesfield
Grid Ref : SK3322094990
Summary : A field system and settlement of the Romano-British period. Visible remains include revetted terraces and enclosure walls, some containing clearance cairns. The field system consists largely of a series of terraces revetted on their downslope edges by cleared stone and turf. They are orientated north-south, following the contours. The terraces are bounded at right-angles by enclosure walls comprising cleared stone and turf, forming rectangular field plots. Within the complex is at least one oval platform, interpreted as the site of a building. In addition, there is a small rectangular enclosure to the south east of the field system containing internal divisions of stone and turf. This area is interpreted as a domestic enclosure, likely to contain the remains of a dwelling. There are several cairns contained within the main settlement complex together with further isolated cairns to the north and east: most are associated with the field walls. The settlement and field system measure approximately 250 metres by 320 metres. A minor 20th century excavation confirmed that the complex is dated to the Romano-British period. Scheduled.
More information : [SK 332950] An agricultural settlement with associated
huts and enclosures, situated to the N.E. of Greeno Wood.
[Greno Wood on O.S.6"] (1-2)

The major part of the settlement (see accompanying sketch plan)
has now been obliterated by re-afforestation, but a single
enclosure survives at SK 33249486 and has been surveyed at 1/2500.
Tree planting has disturbed the centre but its "rubble walling"
(turf covered on the east,) is still well defined. Mr. L.H. Butcher
carried out excavations in 1954-5 and found some fragments of
coarse pottery which he classifies as "R.B.". These were not
seen, but the enclosure is similar to the type generally attributed
to I.A./R.B. and may therefore be the surviving remnant of a
small settlement. (3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JHO 19-FEB-53.
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Source Number : 1a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : LH Butcher, 23 Laird Av, Sheffield
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Source Number : 2
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 38
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7 (1957)
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 05-FEB-64.
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Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 25-Feb-98
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Romano-British
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Settlement, Field System, Cultivation Terrace, Clearance Cairn, Building, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 29822
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 39 SW 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 39 SW 13
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1953-01-01
End Date : 1953-01-01
Associated Activities : HANDLANDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1955-01-01
End Date : 1957-12-31