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Templeborough Roman Fort

Hob Uid: 316617
Location :
Rotherham
Rotherham
Rotherham
Grid Ref : SK4130091600
Summary : Three superimposed Roman forts and a vicus at Templeborough, were discovered through excavation and are now covered by a steelworks. The first fort was of 6.4 acres and built of earth, circa AD 43, it was rebuilt in stone, slightly smaller, early 2nd cent. The third, much smaller, Fort may have been 4th century. Rivet and Smith have suggested that the most likely candidates for MORBIUM are the Roman forts at Piercebridge or Greta Bridge. No reference is made to the Roman fort at Templeborough. A tile stamped by the Cohors IV Gallorum from either the first or second forts, Domitian or Trajan.
More information : [SK 413916] Roman Forts [GS] (Site of) (1)

The Roman Forts at Templeborough, generally accepted as Morbium, were partially excavated in 1877-8 by John Guest, and in 1916-17 by T. May during the construction of the Steel, Peech and Tozer works. It was discovered that there were three superimposed forts, the largest of 6.4 acres with earth ramparts, dating from c.43 A.D. This was reconstructed in stone during the early 2nd century. A third fort, not dated, was smaller and had been constructed from the ruins of the earlier structures.

Finds included pottery dating from 41-54 to 130-70 A.D, and coins from 54-69 to c.175 A.D., also two 4th century coins of Constantine the Great and Decentius. The majority of the material found is in the Clifton Park Museum. (See map diagram copies from Miss D. Greene's plan). A civil settlement, on the S. side of the Sheffield Road, was excavated in 1947 for the M.O.W. Some 1st century pottery was found adhering to iron slag. This was taken as evidence for a continuation of an industrial annexe identified by May when he discovered evidence of bronze working, but may be associated with a Md. blommery and hearths found within the Roman Fort. (2-7)

There are no visible remains of any of the above features. (8)

The Roman forts at Templeborough consisted of 3 superimposed sets of defences enclosing 6 1/2, 5 1/2 and 4 3/4 acres respectively. Small scale excavations immediately to the south of the steel-rolling mill were undertaken by Wade in the early 1950's. These revealed traces of Roman buildings presumably associated with the forts' vicus. The publication of these results was prevented by Wade's death during the course of his excavations, which were never afterwards completed. The presence of a vicus had previously been indicated only by a number of finds of coins and pottery from the surrounding area. In 1979 a hole dug for a water treatment plant about 400 m west of the fort, revealed clay floors associated with what appeared to be substantial stone walls. It was assumed that these remains were part of a much larger vicus than had previously been supposed. Rivet and Smith have suggested that the most likely candidates for MORBIUM are the Roman forts at Piercebridge or Greta Bridge. No reference is made to the Roman fort at Templeborough. (9-10)

A tile stamped by the Cohors IV Gallorum from either the first or second forts, Domitian or Trajan. (11)

Report on the tombstones from Templeborough. (12)

Glass working debris was found during the excavations, but there is no trace of a furnace. (13)

Assessment impossible but excavations during 1877-8 and 1916 produced evidence of iron working activity. (14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1956
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Phoenix Gazette (Steel, Peech and Tozer Ltd) (D Greene)
Page(s) : 30-Jul
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6 (9), 1938
Source Number : 11
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 17, 21
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 58, 1986
Source Number : 12
Source : Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani. Great Britain, vol 1, fascicule 3 : Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 60-63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : The Glass Industry, Vol.3 South Yorks 3, 1995
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : MPP Iron and Steel Industries: STEP 3, Site Assessments
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : May, T, 1922. Roman Forts at Templeborough
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 281
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1957
Source Number : 5
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 100-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1943
Source Number : 6
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 254
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5, 1943
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Chester and North West Archaeol J (B R Hartley)
Page(s) : 12
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 41, 1954
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 14-APR-65
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Rescue news : the newspaper of RESCUE, the British Archaeological Trust
Source details :
Page(s) : 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18, 1979
Source Number : 10
Source : The place-names of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 420
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Bloomery
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 400
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Fort, Vicus, Tombstone
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Fort, Vicus, Tombstone
Object Type : COIN, VESSEL, GLASS WORKING DEBRIS
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 839
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 49 SW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1047415
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH FORT (1877-8)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1877-01-01
End Date : 1878-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH FORT (1916-7)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1916-01-01
End Date : 1917-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH VICUS (1938)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1938-01-01
End Date : 1938-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH VICUS (1938)/SHEFFIELD ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1938-01-01
End Date : 1938-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH VICUS (1945)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1945-01-01
End Date : 1945-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH VICUS (1947-9)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1947-01-01
End Date : 1949-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH (1955)/BRINSWORTH MEDIUM WIDTH STRIP MILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1955-01-01
End Date : 1955-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 49 SW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-04-14
End Date : 1965-04-14
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH VICUS (1979)/BRITISH STEEL WATER TREATMENT PLANT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH STEELWORKS
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : TEMPLEBOROUGH ROMAN FORT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31