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Tickhill Castle

Hob Uid: 318964
Location :
Doncaster
Tickhill
Grid Ref : SK5932092870
Summary : A motte and bailey castle built by 1102, replaced by a stone built castle. Keep built 1178-9. The castle was dismantled by order of parliament in 1646. It was besieged in 1322, but was not taken. In the civil war it was garrisoned by the king, but surrendered in 1646. Scheduled.The Medieval motte and bailey castle with surrounding moat, curtain wall, gatehouse and other structures, is visible as earthworks and structures on air photographs.
More information : [SK 5932 9287] Tickhill Castle [G.T.] (1)

Tickhill Castle is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but the
place is covered by the entry for Dadesley. Roger de Bulsi held part of Dadesley Manor and had a castle at Blythe, (c) later fortified by Robert of Belesme in 1101. The name Blythe was probably used as that of the nearest known town of importance. The castle was besieged and captured in 1101 by royal forces under the Bishop of Lincoln. It was invested and taken by Hugh Pudsey, Bishop of Durham. As a royal castle it was besieged by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, in 1322, but not taken. A domestic chapel was built for Eleanor of Aquitaine. During the Civil War it was garrisoned for the King and surrendered in 1646. (2)

Tickhill Castle is of the mound and bailey type, with keep. It was dismantled by order of Parliament in 1646. (3)

Description. (4)

Description. (5)

History. (6)

Description. (7)

A 25" A.M. survey has been made of the castle and its components.
See component cards for field report and photographs. (8)

Tickhill Castle. C11 and C12 Castle built for Roger de Busli - Curtain walls, rubble faced with ashlar, remain in part, together with the ruined gatehouse with C12 ground floor, round headed inner and outer arches, C16 first floor. Ancient Monument. N.B.R. V.C.H. II p. 40. (9)

Excavation in 1961 showed that the tower was eleven sided and
irregularly placed on a circular plinth. There is evidence to suggest it was not a shell keep. (10)

Brief history and description. (11)

Tickhill Castle House (probably 17th century and perhaps built after the Parliamentary slighting in 1646), possibly incorporates medieval remains. (12)

Survey of building remains prior to consolidation. (13-14)

SK 594 928. Tickhill Castle. Scheduled no. SY/125. (15)

Listed by Cathcart King. (16)

Tickhill was the principal castle of the honour of Blyth, and was forfeited to the Crown after the failure of Robert of Belleme's rebellion in 1102. It was captured by Henry of Anjou in 1153 and retained by Henry when he ascended the throne. During his reign expenditure was granted for the keep and a stone bridge. King John spent heavily on the castle, including the constuction of a barbican. although the present barbican is probably a 15th century addition. The castle was intermittently held by the Crown, although granted to the Queen or royal custodians, until the reign of Edward IV. (17)

A Medieval motte and bailey castle, surrounding moat, curtain wall, gatehouse and other structures, are visible as earthworks and structures on air photographs. They are centred at SK 5934 9285.

The motte is c.66m in diameter with a 23m diameter platform. Around the eastern half there is the visible remains of a moat which is approximately 20m wide. To the west lies the bailey which is surrounded by a curtain wall with associated structures, including a gatehouse and entrance facing west.

Several of these features are recorded in more detail in the following records: SK 59 SE 75, SK 59 SE 24 (moat), SK 59 SE 26, SK 59 SE 22 (bailey), SK 59 SE 84, SK 59 SE 21 (motte), SK 59 SE 79, SK 59 SE 25 (gatehouse), SK 59 SE 23 (curtain wall).
(18)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1928-48
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Yorkshire's ruined castles : an account of their history, asssociations and architecture with a chapter on the fortified houses of the county
Source details :
Page(s) : 112-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Mackenzie J D 1897 Castles of England Vol 2 (p269)
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire
Source details : 1937
Page(s) : 91-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 41
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RWE 10-FEB-60
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : MHLG Prov List Tickhill U.D, Yorks W.R, Dec 1960, 1
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 325
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6-7 1962-3
Source Number : 11
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (J Birch)
Page(s) : 416-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 37 - 1980
Source Number : 11a
Source : Yorkshire : the West Riding
Source details :
Page(s) : 520-1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1967
Source Number : 11b
Source : Medieval military architecture in England. Volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 494-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11c
Source : Norman Castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 322-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1968
Source Number : 12
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE Listed Buildings, Borough of Doncaster, S Yorks 22/1/81
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : Medieval military architecture in England. Volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 494-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 13
Source : CBA Forum : the annual newsletter of CBA Group 4
Source details : 1985 illus
Page(s) : 30
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 14
Source : South Yorkshire Archaeology Unit Annual Review
Source details : 1989-90
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 15
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, South Yorkshire, March 1994, p 6
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 16
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 527
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 16
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 2 : the Middle Ages
Source details :
Page(s) : 844-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 18
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/87137 0108 09-Sep-1987
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Armitage E S 1912 Early Norman Castles (pp 219-20 366 399)
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2c
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordericus, xi, ch. iii
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Hunter Archaeological Society transactions
Source details : 1920-4
Page(s) : 211
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : The Deanery of Doncaster (Rev Joseph Hunter, F.S.A.)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3b
Source : Medieval military architecture in England. Volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Archaeologia : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : (E King)
Page(s) : 266-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6 - 1782
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Grainge W 1855 Castles & Abbeys of Yorks (pp 1-10)
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Earthwork, Keep, Castle, Bridge, Gatehouse, Curtain Wall, Domestic Chapel, Barbican, Moat, Structure
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork, Documentary Evidence, Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : dismantled in 1646
Monument End Date : 1646
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 04096/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : SY 125
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 87343
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 334302
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 03887/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 03740/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00117/01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (South Yorkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 00117/02
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 59 SE 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 318992
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 319002
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 319007
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 318982
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 318987
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 318997
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1339739
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 521057
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 318992
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 319002
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 319007
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 319012
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 318982
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 318987
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 318997
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1339739
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 59 SE 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-02-10
End Date : 1960-02-10
Associated Activities : Primary, TICKHILL CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1961-01-01
End Date : 1961-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BACKSTONE BECK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TICKHILL CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, INVESTIGATION BY RCHME/EH ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-11-14
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, EH: THE MAGNESIAN LIMESTONE IN SOUTH AND WEST YORKSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31