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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 320044

Hob Uid: 320044
Location :
Nottinghamshire
Rushcliffe
Shelford
Grid Ref : SK6613042340
Summary : The remains of a Civil War gun battery, located 50 metres south west of St Peter and St Paul's Church, Shelford, and consists of earthworks defining a horseshoe-shaped bank up to 0.6 metres in height and 5 metres in width. Contemporary documentary sources record the existence of a Royalist garrison at Shelford manor between early 1642 and November 1645 when it was stormed by Parliamentarian forces. During the attack on Shelford village itself a contemporary document records that the Parliamentarians were fired upon by snipers hidden in the church tower. The location of the monument on a rise overlooking a tactically important crossing over the Trent, in addition to the documentary evidence for Civil War activity in the vicinity, is interpreted as suggesting that the monument was a Royalist defensive work designed to protect the western approaches to Shelford. Scheduled.
More information : [SK 6613 4234] Civil War defence mound 30 yards west of church. (1)

The mound is without doubt a gun position of the Civil war period.
It is of horse-shoe shape, facing the lane to the ferry. It may
have been an outer defence to Shelford Manor [SK 64 SE 2.] (2)

When the Parliamentary forces, moving to attack Shelford Manor,
occupied Shelford village, in November 1645, they were fired on
by Royalist snipers in the church tower. They smoked out the snipers
with burning straw and took them prisoner. [No mention of a gun
position at the church but the account supports the suggestion of
an outlying defence at the church.] (3)

Add. ref. to church snipers. (4)

Earthwork correctly described and classified by authy. 2. It is
located in the graveyard of the church but has not been mutilated
by grave digging. At no point does the maximum height of the rampart
exceed 0.6m. Surveyed 20.9.60 (5)

No change. (6)

(SK66134234) Earthwork (NR) (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Correspondents Annotated 6" Sheet (HO Houldsworth 11/11/1950)
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Source Number : 2
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (HO Houldsworth, 30/06/1953)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Firth CH. 1906. Memoirs of Colonel Hutchinson,121, 174, 436
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wood AC. 1937. Nottinghamshire in the Civil War, 97
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 23/09/1960
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 11/02/1975
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Source Number : 7
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : 6" 1970
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Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 24/09/1997
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 1642 to 1645
Monument End Date : 1645
Monument Start Date : 1642
Monument Type : Battery
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 30215
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 64 SE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 64 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-09-23
End Date : 1960-09-23
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 64 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-02-11
End Date : 1975-02-11