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Historic England Research Records

Chedworth Roman Villa

Hob Uid: 327592
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Chedworth
Grid Ref : SP0530113454
Summary : The remains of a Roman villa believed to have been occupied between the early 2nd century to circa AD 410. The villa has been partially excavated on a number of occasions and included the discovery of a nymphaeum. Parts of the villa have also been subjected to geophysical survey.
More information : (SP 05271347) Roman Villa (GS) (1)

(See pamphlet) (2)

Chedworth Roman Villa - Bibliography
Excavation Reports (4) (5) (6) (7) Description and Plan. (3-9)

Chedworth Roman Villa remains, are as described in the National Trust
Official Guide (2). The site is maintained in excellent order, and
is, together with the Museum, open to the public for most of the year.
Resurveyed at 1:2500 on PFD.

Post Office engineers, when erecting a pole (at SP 05381345) outside
the SE corner of the property, exposed Roman walling for a depth of
several feet, probably part of the south wing (a). There are no
plans for the excavation of this wing at the present time. (10-11)

SP 052 134. Listed excavations were undertaken between 1979 and 1986 on the entrance and portico of the east side of the villa. The original structure was a single wall revetting a terraced courtyard. It was constructed in the early 2nd Century. Further terracing was executed when the portico and entrance were laid out in their latest form. The later discovery of a possible step, a sill wall and 2 layers of concrete flooring confirmed the relationship of the terrace to the secondary portico entrance. The south end of the east wall of the east portico as revealed to have been rebuilt on the wrong line in 1949. This mistake was rectified. (11-14)

Limited excavation in room 6. (see plan appended to card), which lies towards the centre of the west wing, in 1980, showed that it had formerly been larger but had been divided by an E-W wall, built to create an entrance passage at its southern end. (12)

SO 052 134. Consolidation of the stoking area of the northern bath suite in 1988 revealed it to be later than the E - W boundary wall between it and the nymphaeum to the west. Both were built on an area covered with charcoal-stained soil and stone, possibly from a nearby kiln. (12-14)

SP 052 134. Drainage work undertaken in 1982 intersected Roman walls and metalling on the line of the villa's southern ranges, in the area of the supposed outer yard. These remains lay c64m E of the most easterly room previously known in the S wing. At least 4 successive structures, dating from the 2nd to late 4th Centuries were revealed. In the final phases a building with a channelled hypocaust, apparently disused by c AD350, was demolished and replaced by a rough dry stone wall, probably also of Roman origin. (14)

Webster has advanced the theory that Chedworth Roman villa may, in fact, have been a tempelbezirk or pilgrim's hostel, and part of a larger religious complex of which temple SP 01 SE 9 also formed a component. This idea is disputed by King who argues that the plan of the building compares satisfactorily with other undisputed villa sites in Britain. (15-16)

The presented foundations and buildings covering mosaics of Chedworth villa are also visible on aerial photographs. (18)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1924
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : National Trust Official Guide "Chedworth Roman Villa" 1970
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 01-APR-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (R Goodburn)
Page(s) : 180
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 98, 1980
Source Number : 13
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : R Goodburn
Page(s) : 174
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 99, 1981
Source Number : 14
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (R Goodburn)
Page(s) : 260
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 100, 1982
Source Number : 15
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (G Webster)
Page(s) : May-20
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 101, 1983
Source Number : 16
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (A King)
Page(s) : 413-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 145, 1988
Source Number : 17
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : GS 22
Page(s) : 69
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 18
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SP 0513/23 (CAP GX0020) 18-JUL-1951
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Notes on the Roman Villa at Chedworth & Plan (J Buckman, R W Hall)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Source details : (J Farrer)
Page(s) : 278
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6
Source Number : 5
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 129-135
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 24, 1868
Source Number : 6
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 400-406
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 25, 1869
Source Number : 7
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (G E Fox)
Page(s) : 322-337
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 44, 1887
Source Number : 8
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : St Clair Baddeley
Page(s) : 451-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 78, 1921
Source Number : 9
Source : The archaeology of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 44,145
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral: Mr Irving, Curator Chedworth Ro Villa & Mus
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Built and occupied between C2 and C5
Monument End Date : 499
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Villa, Nymphaeum
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 57
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 547
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 01 SE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1864-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1954-01-01
End Date : 1954-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1965-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 01 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-04-01
End Date : 1977-04-01
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA, YANWORTH
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (ROOM 8)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (SOUTH WING)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (WESTERN PORTICO)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (NORTH WING)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (NORTH AND SOUTH WINGS)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (GARDEN COURT)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (BURIED MOSAIC SURVEY)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: GLOUCESTERSHIRE NMP (NORTH COTSWOLDS AND FOREST OF DEAN)
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (NORTH WING)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH LODGE BASEMENT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (WEST WING CORRIDOR)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (ROOM 26)
Activity type : PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (WEST RANGE COVER BUILDINGS)
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN VILLA (WEST RANGE)
Activity type : PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31