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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 327595

Hob Uid: 327595
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Chedworth
Grid Ref : SP0612013280
Summary : A Mid 2nd to 4th century Romano British temple was discovered at Chedworth in 1864. It still stands 7' high including the foundations. Altars, coins and glass tesserae in Chedworth Museum came from the site. Scheduled.
More information : (SP 06121329) Romano-British Temple (R) (Site of) (NAT) (1)

The RB temple at Chedworth was examined and recognised as such by
J Farrer, the excavator of Chedworth villa, in 1864, when the large
stone platform was revaled during work in an adjoining quarry.
Excavations by St Clair Baddeley in 1926 showed the structure to
measure 41ft by 39 1/2ft internally. Before clearance the site was
strewn with RB debris, including hexagonal roof tiles,
occasionally with their iron nails. Numerous hypocaust tiles from
the SW corner suggested that a small dwelling, possibly that of a
priest, may have been attached to the building. Altars preserved
in Chedworth villa museum probably came from the temple as did
coins, tesserae of glass and a stone carven niche. A sherd of
2nd century Samian ware found at the temple in 1864 by Capt Bell
is also in the museum, as is a 3rd century bronze brooch
probably from the site. (2-5)

The temple, which dates from mid 2nd to the 4th century still
stands some 7ft high including the foundations. The westward
extension of the south wall for a distance of 5 1/2ft could
represent a buttress to the podium or the remains of an annexe. (6)

The remains of the Romano-British temple are situated in woodland
at SP 06121328 upon a gentle north-facing slope. The remains
comprise the SW and SE corners of a rectangular building, measuring
internally, 16.5m east-west by approximately, 16.0m north-south.
The walling is constructed of squared blocks of local limestone,
up to 1.0m in length, and 0.8m in width, 0.3m in height, bonded
with pink mortar and stands to a maximum height of 0.8m above
present ground level.

No westward extension of the south wall as described by Lewis (5)
could be recognised.

The interior of the site, which is overgrown with bushes, is strewn
with Romano-British building debris and 10.0m north of the destroyed
NW corner upon the opposite slope of the quarry is a concentration
of Roman roofing tile fragments.

Finds from the site are on display in Chedworth Roman Villa Museum.

Site surveyed at 1:2500 on AM. (7)

Webster has advanced the theory that both the temple and the nearby villa [SP 01 SE 9] formed parts of a larger religious complex. This idea is disputed by King who argues that the overall plan of the villa compares satisfactorily with other undisputed villa sites in Britain. (8-9)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Source details : (J Farrer)
Page(s) : 282-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6 - 1864-6
Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (W St Clair Baddeley)
Page(s) : 255-64
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 52 - 1930
Source Number : 4
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (E M Clifford)
Page(s) : 301-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 60 - 1938
Source Number : 5
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details :
Page(s) : 282
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : May-25
Source Number : 6
Source : Temples in Roman Britain
Source details : (M J T Lewis)
Page(s) : 17-18, 53
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1966
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 24-MAR-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (G Webster)
Page(s) : May-20
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 101- 1983
Source Number : 9
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (A King)
Page(s) : 413-14
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 145 - 1988

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Temple
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Temple
Object Type : ALTAR, COIN, TESSERA
Object Material : Glass

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 29
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 205
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 01 SE 9
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN TEMPLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1864-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHEDWORTH ROMAN TEMPLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1925-01-01
End Date : 1926-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 01 SE 9
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-03-24
End Date : 1977-03-24