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Historic England Research Records

Listercombe Bottom Roman Villa

Hob Uid: 327610
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Chedworth
Grid Ref : SP0701011740
Summary : The site of a Roman villa discovered in 1760. In 1930 it was partially excavated and a tessellated pavement , corridor and hypocaust were encountered. Finds from the site include six coins, 4th century pottery, nails, cosmetic palette and tiles. The site is now indicated by a light scatter of stone. Scheduled.
More information : (SP 07011174) Roman Building (R) (Site of) (NAT) (1)

The Roman villa at Listercombe Bottom was discovered about 1760,
when a hypocaust constructed of bricks marked ARVARI was found during
ditch-digging. In 1930 C E Kay, with Cheltenham Grammar School
boys, excavated a small portion of the villa and found part of a
tesselated pavement, a 90ft long wall, a flagged corridor, and the
hypocaust discovered earlier, bricks from which are in Cirencester
Museum. (2-3)

Fifty yards to the west the corner of another Roman room was
discovered in an area where earthen platforms survive.

Finds in Cheltenham Museum include six coins (untraced) one of
them allegedly "Constantinian"; also pottery including Oxfordshire colour-coated 4th century mortarium and calcite-gritted wares, iron
strapping and nails, and a stone cosmetic palette. (4-6)

There is nothing to be seen at the OS siting, at the bottom of a
coomb , except for a light scatter of stone in the pasture and a
few fragments of Roman brick. But along the NW side of the field
wall, 15.0m to the west, are mounds of limestone boulders and
broken limestone extending for 20.0m, probably the line of the
1930 excavation.

Fifty metres to the west, below and half-way along a lynchet, is
a stone-filled hollow, the site of the second building. Other
'platform' like features are natural ground folds.

The finds and plan could not be located in Cheltenham Museum, and
there are no finds from this site on display in Cirencester Museum. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
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Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : New History of Glos 1779 334 (S Rudder)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : (Collingwood & Taylor)
Page(s) : 240
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21, 1931
Source Number : 4
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : CE Key
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Plan by CE Key in Cheltenham Museum
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM MS Notes & Plan 9.6.71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 24-MAR-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : GS 23
Page(s) : 70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Tessellated Floor, Hypocaust
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Tessellated Floor, Hypocaust
Object Type : VESSEL, COIN, PALETTE (COSMETIC), TILE
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 243
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 548
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 01 SE 14
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, LISTERCOMBE BOTTOM ROMAN VILLA
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1930-01-01
End Date : 1930-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 01 SE 14
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-03-24
End Date : 1977-03-24