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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 327636

Hob Uid: 327636
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Chedworth
Grid Ref : SP0512013580
Summary : The site of a Roman building, possibly a temple was noted before destruction by the construction of the railway c. 1869, 170 yds north of Chedworth Villa. A stone relief, a Bronze bust, tiles, coins, glass tesserae and pillar fragments have been found.
More information : SP 05121358. A Roman building in Chedworth Woods 170 yds
NW of the villa, destroyed in the construction of the railway,
was probably the structure called "The Capitol" by its discoverers.
Several small rooms are said to have been partly cleared, and in 1869
Scarth referred to the building as a "circular temple". Finds
included coins, hexagonal tiles, fragments of pillars, part of a
shell-headed niche and glass tesserae. The stone relief of a
"hunter god" with hare, dog and stag, sometimes ascribed to the
temple east of the villa (SP 01 SE 9 ) is more probably from this
site. Surviving finds are in the museum at the villa. (1-5)

No visible remains of a Roman building were found in the area of
the RCHM siting(1) during a search of the wooded ground to either
side of the now-disused railway track. Pottery and other fragments
are on display in Chedworth Roman Villa museum. (6)

A small Roman bronze bust, either of a priest or the god Saturn was found by a metal detector, reportedly north-west of Chedworth Roman Villa near the disused railway. The exact find spot remains doubtful but if as described it would lie close to the site of this building. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Source details :
Page(s) : 283
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6 - 1868
Source Number : 2
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 323
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 44 - 1887
Source Number : 3
Source : Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 22
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 25 - 1869
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Toynbee J. 1964. Art in Roman Britain 179
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Ms Notes 9.6.71
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 17-MAR-77
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (M Henig and R Goodburn)
Page(s) : 251-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 100 - 1982

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Building, Temple
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Building, Temple
Object Type : TESSERA, COIN, BUST, TILE, RELIEF, PILLAR
Object Material : Glass

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2139
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 01 SE 22
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, THE CAPITOL, CHEDWORTH WOODS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1864-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 01 SE 22
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-03-17
End Date : 1977-03-17