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Historic England Research Records

Beckbury Camp

Hob Uid: 327715
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold, Tewkesbury
Temple Guiting, Stanway
Grid Ref : SP0640029900
Summary : The univallate Iron Age hillfort known as Beckbury Camp remains as earthworks, which are visible on aerial photographs. Roman coins and flint arrowheads have been found at the site. A single bank defines the southern and eastern sides of a sub-rectangular enclosure with curved corners, concave, and convex sides, that measures 169m long by 131m wide and is orientated north / south. The site is defended to the west and north by steep natural scarps. The bank in the eastern side has been damaged by animals repeatedly passing through a break in the bank.
More information : (SP 064299) Beckbury Camp (NR) (1)

The univallate promontory hill-fort of Beckbury Camp (2) is
sub-rectangular in shape with rounded corners. It measures 600 ft
by 495 ft and is protected on the west by the escarpment. The
remaining sides are defended by a rampart still 15 ft high on
the SW. Many coins of Severus and Aurelius, some flint
arrow-heads (3) and a sherd of Western Third B pottery have been
found here (2). (2-5)

The north and west sides of the camp are defined by the steep
slope of the escarpment; on the south and east the bank is about
25 ft wide and rises 5 ft above the interior. The entrance was
probably in the SW where there is a 40 ft gap between the end of
the bank and the edge of the escarpment. A low scarp continuing
the line of the bank across the gap is probably a natural
feature. Fire-reddened stones are visible in the outer face
of the bank (at SP 06462983), and also in a field well on the
bank east of the entrance. The outer ditch has been levelled
except for a short length at the north end. (Visited 3 5 67). (6)

Beckbury Camp is as described by authorities (2) and (6); it is
in a generally good state of preservation, and the interior is
under pasture. No surface finds were made.

At SP 06402979 the bank weakens, forming a now blocked field
entrance. Drystone revetting is visible in the outer face of the
rampart at SP 06462994; here the bank attains its maximum height.
Many fire-reddened stones are visible in the NW corner boundary
wall.

RCHMs suggestion of a probable SW entrance gap can be discounted.
At this point the escarpment has been cut back to turn into the
rampart, which is now represented for 10.0m by a weak scarp.
Evidence of a filled outer ditch is exposed where the ground
falls steeply away; the line of the ditch remains visible in
the natural rock and continues about 6.0m down the escarpment. A
more favourable entrance occurs at the NW where a natural
depression has been utilised as a hollow-way. Springs occur in
the lower vicinity.
Published 1:2500 survey revised. (7)

Information as in Authy. 6 now published. (8)

The univallate Iron Age hillfort known as Beckbury Camp (1-8) is visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. The site is centred at SP 064 299 and comprises a single bank which measures between 7m and 9m wide and defines the southern and eastern sides of a sub-rectangular enclosure with curved corners and concave and convex sides. The bank partially encloses an area that measures 169m long by 131m wide and is orientated north / south. The southern side bank is narrower and a field wall has been built along its top. The bank of the eastern side has been damaged by animals repeatedly passing through a break in the bank at SP 0647 2987. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Bagendon 1961 33 (E M Clifford)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Cotteswold Shrine 1908 7 (W St Clair Baddeley)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (A Baker March 1957)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (J K St Joseph AIJ 77)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM MSS Notes 18.5.71
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JWS 08-AUG-73
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM 1 1976 (IA & RB Mons in Glos Cotswolds) 116-17
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SP 0629/4 (HAW XXX) 19-JUL-1958
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Univallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Prehistoric
Display Date : Prehistoric
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -500000
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 100
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Prehistoric
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : ARROWHEAD
Object Material : Flint
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : COIN
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 33
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 45
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 02 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 02 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-08-08
End Date : 1973-08-08
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT BECKBURY CAMP
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: GLOUCESTERSHIRE NMP (NORTH COTSWOLDS AND FOREST OF DEAN)
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31