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Historic England Research Records

Poles Wood South Long Barrow

Hob Uid: 330157
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Swell
Grid Ref : SP1673026370
Summary : Neolithic chambered long barrow excavated in 1874 when the remains of 9 bodies, animal bones and Neolithic pottery were found. Three secondary Saxon inhumations with brooches and a spindle whorl.
More information : (SP 16732637) Long Barrow (NR) (1)

A Severn-Cotswold type long barrow, 173 feet long, 52 feet wide
and 8 1/2 feet high orientated NE-SW, excavated by Greenwell and
Rolleston in 1874. Excavation of the rounded east end revealed
the wall enclosing the barrow, 5 feet high in the east and the
'horns' but no megalithic portal. Large upright flagstones, with
large stones arranged against them sloping in a roof-shaped
fashion on either side, formed the centre of the mound, probably
for the whole length. Transverse dry stone walls in one instance
formed a passage. A chamber, 24 feet from the west end on the
north side of the barrow contained the remains of nine bodies,
animal bones and two small pieces of plain pottery. The passage,
which may have opened out to the exterior of the barrow,
escaped rifling and an almost perfect skeleton of a man and those
of a woman and child were found.

Over the north horn burials of a later date were found and also a
Neolithic 'B' bowl now in the British Museum.

Three Saxon burials, two saucer brooches, one of which is in
the Royce collection at Stow-on-the-Wold, the other with
an iron knife in the Ashmolean Museum and an amber bead were found
near the surface about 18 feet from the re-entering angle of the
'horned' east end. A spindle-whorl was found 4 feet below the
ground near the Saxon burials. (2-6)

A tree-covered long barrow 58m long, 20m wide (at its widest
point) and up to 3.0m high. The barrow, higher and wider at its E
end, shows no trace of either the revetment or the portal horns
seen by Greenwell and Rolleston in 1874. The central area of the
barrow is much disturbed with an exposed cist at its NW extent.

No trace of side ditches, the barrow stands on high ground in
arable farmland and is ploughed to its margin on all sides.

Revised 1:2500. (7)

Beaker pottery has been found in a secondary context at Poles Wood South long Barrow. (8)

The earthwork remains of the Neolithic long barrow described by the previous authorities were seen as an elongated mound centred at SP 1676 2636 on aerial photographs taken in 1963. The site was mapped from these photographs as part of the English Heritage: Gloucestershire NMP project. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : British Barrows 1877 521-4 No 231 (Greenwell and Rolleston)
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : MAL 63631 120507 20-NOV-1963
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Source Number : 3
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : O'Neil & Grinsell
Page(s) : 90
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 79, 1960
Source Number : 3a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 5 1876 165ff (Rolleston)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Long Barrows of the Cotswolds 1925 125-8 Plan No 45 (O G S Crawford)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Prehist Chamber Tombs of Eng & Wales 1950 220 No 2 (G E Daniel)
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Source Number : 6
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : LV Grinsell
Page(s) : 13
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Vol(s) : 83, 1964
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GB 01-MAY-74
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Saville A, 1984, Archaeology in Gloucestershire, Cheltenham; Cheltenham Art Gallery and Museums (100)
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Source Number : 9
Source : A gazetteer of early Anglo-Saxon burial sites
Source details :
Page(s) : 93
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Long Barrow, Inhumation
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Saxon
Monument End Date : 649
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Inhumation
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Long Barrow, Inhumation
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS, VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Inhumation
Object Type : BROOCH, SPINDLE WHORL, KNIFE
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 0228-0229
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : GC 23
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22876
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 12 NE 27
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, POLE'S WOOD SOUTH, (GREENWELL 231)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1874-01-01
End Date : 1874-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 12 NE 27
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-05-01
End Date : 1974-05-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: GLOUCESTERSHIRE NMP (NORTH COTSWOLDS AND FOREST OF DEAN)
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31