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Historic England Research Records

Aylworth

Hob Uid: 330475
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Naunton
Grid Ref : SP1092021840
Summary : Aylworth deserted Medieval settlement and manor-house. The site extends over an area that measures 300m long by up to 170m wide and is overlain towards its southern end by the now dis-used Banbury and Cheltenham railway line (Linear 1773). The site comprises earthwork building platforms and linear plot boundaries to the north of the railway but the features to its south have been ploughed level. These include the continuation of a linear boundary bank that extends roughly WNW / ESE through the whole site, and part of a possible rectilinear ditched enclosure.
More information : (SP 109218) The site of the DMV of Aylworth lies in a
hollow surrounded by springs. Eleven people were mentioned there
in 1086, but by 1341 the settlement had been partially deserted.
Only six people paid poll tax in 1381 and by the 17th cent
Aylworth formed one estate with a single large house and
perhaps a few cottages. (1-3)

(Area SP 110217) Site of the original manor house of Aylworth. (4)

Situated on a northwesterly-facing slope above the spring line,
and centred at SP 10972175, are a group of some four house
platforms up to 0.4m high with associated paddocks and
subsidiary buildings. These together with several scarped or
banked enclosures are all that remain of the DMV of Aylworth.
No sign could be found of the alleged original manor house site
in the area SP 11022165, though the railway immediately to the
north of the village may well have destroyed further evidence.

Building foundations at SP 10882194, probably represent the
previous site of Aylworth farm moved to it's present site in
the late 18th century.

Surveyed at 1:2500 on permatrace. (5)

SP 110 220. Aylworth listed in review of deserted medieval villages in Gloucestershire. (6)

"In the early 14th Century at Aylworth and Harford [SP 12 SW 9] many tenants left their holdings and left them vacant and uncultivated." (7)

The site of Aylworth deserted Medieval settlement and manor-house as referred to above (1-7) is visible as earthworks and cropmarks on aerial photographs. The site is centred at SP 1096 2177 and extends over an area that measures 340m long by up to 170m wide and is overlain towards its southern end by the now dis-used Banbury and Cheltenham railway line (Linear 1773 / UID: 117765), between SP 1092 2165 and SP 1107 2174.

The site comprises earthworks to the north of the railway but the features to its south have been ploughed level and are visible as cropmarks. These include the continuation of a linear boundary bank that extends roughly WNW / ESE through the whole site, between SP 1098 2163 and SP 1088 2188, and part of a possible rectilinear ditched enclosure centred around SP 1103 2169.

A group of amorphous probable building platforms extends over a roughly square area situated 20m to the south-west of the current house, at SP 1089 2193, that measures circa 50m long by 44m wide and could relate to an earlier farm. Other building platforms are situated at SP 1093 2170 and SP 1100 2173 and extend perpendicularly to the linear boundary bank, as do linear plot boundaries at SP 1092 2171 and SP 21102 2177. The current map shows that these platforms contain wall elements and their extent (the easternmost measures circa 33m long by 20m) suggests a range of conjoined buildings that perhaps relate to Post Medieval agricultural use of the site rather than the Medieval settlement. (8-11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Glos 6 1965 77
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DMV Res Gp 13 AR 1965 42
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Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (BGS091) 10-APR-1975
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : APs (RAF 106G/UK/1347 1.4.46 7168-9)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Rec 6' (H E Donovan 1936)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GB 26-NOV-74
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Glevensis 15 1981 27 (M Aston and L Viner)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Saville A, 1984, Archaeology in Gloucestershire, Cheltenham; Cheltenham Art Gallery and Museums (287)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1347 7168-7169 01-APR-1946
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP (AZO81) 24-AUG-1969
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Source Number : 10
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 1:10,000 (2002) SP12 SW
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Manor House, Rectilinear Enclosure, Boundary Bank
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Farm
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 4320
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 12 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 12 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-11-26
End Date : 1974-11-26
Associated Activities : ENGLISH HERITAGE: GLOUCESTERSHIRE NMP (NORTH COTSWOLDS AND FOREST OF DEAN)
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31