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Historic England Research Records

Upton

Hob Uid: 330652
Location :
Gloucestershire
Cotswold
Blockley
Grid Ref : SP1504034430
Summary : Earthworks of Upton, a deserted Medieval village. Features include a long house, possible mill mound or round barrow and ridge and furrow. Excavations have also identified a Romano-British building, pottery and Roman or Early Medieval ditches. The earthwork remains of the village were mapped from aerial photographs.
More information : (Centred SP 1534) A settlement at Upton was in existence
in AD 825. At the end of the 13th cent. it supported at least
fourteen families, but was probably deserted by 1384.
Investigations by the School of History of Birmingham University
from 1959-68 showed the site to cover about 12 acres with the
remains of at least 27 buildings. (for further details see
annotated plan). Finds are preserved in the Dept of Medieval
History at Birmingham University. (1-3)

The remains of the deserted village of Upton are situated upon
a SE-Facing pasture slope around the springhead and upper
course of a small stream, now nearly dry. The site, enclosed
by fields of rig and furrow, comprises 18 buildings or groups of
buildings, within a complex of twelve contiguous embanked
enclosures with 5 or 6 smaller enclosures within them. The banks
rarely exceed 0.5m in height and are 3.0 to 6.0m in width. The
building sites are generally represented by rectangular
platforms, or small oval to rectangular banks averaging 14.0m in
length, 5.0m in width. At SP 15113446 is a circular mound, 10.0m
in dia., 0.6m in height, possibly a mill-mound and/or round
barrow. Beyond the site, 100.0m to the SE, is a long narrow
building site, 39.0m in length, 6.0m in width with two openings
in the NW side.

Site surveyed at 1:2500 (4)

Romano British or Saxon ditches, probably for drainage were
found during excavations beneath the 13th century long-house,
by P A Rhatz. (5)

In 1973 pipe trenches, totalling in excess of 500m in length, were cut across the site on a roughly E-W alignment. A watching brief noted a number of pits/ditches, wall foundations, postholes, hearths and paved and metalled areas, interpreted as representing the remains of at least 6 buildings, (1 of which was conjectured to have been of Roman construction). A mound, possibly a robbed barrow of prehistoric origin, was also sectioned but without conclusive results. Finds overall were sparse, with only 20 potsherds being recovered 5 of which were Roman or possibly Roman. (6)

SP 147348. Upton listed in a review of deserted Medieval villages in Gloucestershire. (7)

The earthwork remains of the Medieval village of Upton (described by the previous authorities) were seen centred at SP 1504 3443 and mapped from aerial photographs as part of the English Heritage: Gloucestershire NMP project.
The visible remains of the village comprised the collapsed remains of a number of buildings (of mixed domestic and agricultural use) located within walled or embanked enclosures or croft boundaries. The village was arranged along an E-W axis, with the croft enclosures located along the north and south of this axis where presumably a central hollow way passed.

The site of the supposed windmill mound was seen centred at SP 1511 3445.

On the SE edge of the site the remains of a long building mesuring c. 42m x 8.5m was seen located at SP 1525 3427. This has been identified as a probable Medieval sheepcote. Sheep were housed for several months (between Martinmass ( 11th November) and Easter) during the Medieval period.

Traces of ridge and furrow could also be seen as earthworks on the northern edge of the site. (8-9)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (RH Hilton & PA Rahtz)
Page(s) : 70-146
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 85 - 1966
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (P A Rahtz)
Page(s) : 74-126
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 88 - 1969
Source Number : 3
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1929 3106-7 16-JAN-47
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 17-APR-73
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : (D M Wilson & D G Hurst)
Page(s) : 232
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13 - 1969
Source Number : 6
Source : Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Source details : (L Watts and P Rahtz)
Page(s) : 141-154
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 102- 1984
Source Number : 7
Source : Glevensis : Gloucestershire and District Archaeological Research Group review
Source details : (M Aston and L Viner)
Page(s) : 25
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15 - 1981
Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SP 1534/14 (18998/35) 03-NOV-2000
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SP 1534/1 (15151/06) 28-JUL-94
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Ditch, Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 825
Monument Type : Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1384
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Windmill Mound, Longhouse, Ridge And Furrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Windmill Mound
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Ditch, Building
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2736
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Gloucestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2737
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 13 SE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : UPTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : UPTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 13 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-04-17
End Date : 1973-04-17