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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 333185

Hob Uid: 333185
Location :
Hampton Lucy
Grid Ref : SP2370057700
Summary : Saxon royal palace complex covering an area of 5-8 acres, identified from cropmarks and excavation 460 metres east of Hatton Rock Farm. Grubenhaeuser and a series of timber buildings, possibly representing two phases of construction and dating to the 8th-9th century, were identified. These were comparable to the royal palace complexes at Yeavering (NT 93 SW 11) and Cheddar (ST 45 SE 24). It is possible that the site was later used as a bishops palace when the estate passed into the ownership of the bishopric. One of the buildings which may have had an apsidal end has been tentatively interpreted as a church. Aerial photographs taken by English Heritage in 2013 show cropmarks of a number of small rectangular enclosures, possibly the remains of buildings associated with the settlement.
More information : SP 237 577. Site of Saxon royal or episcopal palace. A group of buildings and other features covering 5 to 8 acres,
first discovered on air photographs, was suggested by
Sonia Hawkes to be a series of "palace" buildings of Saxon date,
comparable with those of Yeavering and Cheddar, and perhaps of
two phases, judging by a difference in alignment. Digging of a
pipe-trench across the site in 1970 strengthened the suggestion
that the crop marks represent major timber buildings and
grubenhauser, and uncovered Saxon pottery, possible plaster, and
bones of domestic animals. A radio-carbon dating of 875AD <+->88
years, and the middle or late Saxon dating of the pottery,
indicate occupation in the 8th or 9th centuries. Documentary
evidence shows that the land in the area was conveyed by the
Kings of Mercia to the bishops of Worcester at some time after
781 AD, and the late date of the site suggests the possibility
that it was an episcopal residence, or a royal residence that
continued in use after the ownership of the estate passed to the
bishopric. A Roman brick and a piece of possible building stone
were found near the south wall of a building which may have had
an apsidal end, and is suggested tentatively to have been a
church, perhaps re-using Roman material in its construction. (1-3)

Scheduled as `Site of buildings and enclosures 500yds (460m) E of
Hatton Rock Farm'. (4)

Aerial photographs taken by English Heritage in 2013 show cropmarks of a number of small rectangular enclosures, pits and a large enclosure, possibly the remains of buildings associated with the settlement centred at SP 2374 5767. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 17-18
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 121, 1964
Source Number : 2
Source :
Source details : (P Rahtz)
Page(s) : 137-143
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 44, 1970
Source Number : 2a
Source :
Source details : S C Hawkes
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source :
Source details : (Hirst, Rahtz and Dyer)
Page(s) : 161-77
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 85, 1971-73
Source Number : 4
Source :
Source details :
Page(s) : 218
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 5
Source :
Source details : HEA 27787_033 08-JUL-2013
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C8-C9 occupation
Monument End Date : 800
Monument Start Date : 700
Monument Type : Bishops Palace, Royal Palace, Church, Settlement, Grubenhaus
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Cropmark, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Church, Bishops Palace
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 133
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Warwickshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 960
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 25 NW 21
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities :
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1970-01-01
End Date : 1970-12-31