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Historic England Research Records

Warwick Castle

Hob Uid: 333577
Location :
Warwickshire
Warwick
Warwick
Grid Ref : SP2830064600
Summary : A Medieval motte and bailey castle built in 1068 extended and rebuilt during the 13th and 14th century with 15th century additions. Alterations to the Bear and Clarence towers in the reign of Richard III to carry artillery. King James I granted the ruinous castle to Sir Fulke Greville in 1604 who converted it into a country house. It was rebuilt in 1863-66 and 1872. Boundary wall of late 18th century date. The castle was sold to Madame Tussaud's in 1978. Scheduled.
More information : [SP 284647] Warwick Castle [LB]
[SP 283646] Ethelfleda's Mount [LB]. (1)

Warwick Castle comprises a large residential block, which is mainly Jacobean with Victorian Gothic resteration, set within a 14th c. enceinte wall and superimposed on the bailey of a Norman Motte-and-bailey, the motte being on the SW side.

It is recorded that Ethelfleda made a Burh at Warwick, and the Motte has been supposed to be this, and in consequence is called 'Ethelfleda's Mount'.
[See attached copy of Guide Book] (2)

The castle and its earthworks are correctly shown on the current 25". Ethelfleda's Burh is unlocated and there is no evidence to connect it with the motte. (3)

Scheduled as 'Warwick Castle (uninhabited parts)'. (4)

Warwick Castle, probably dating from pre-Norman times. Much medieval work remains. Good C18 and later additions. In 1871 a fire gutted the Great Hall and East Wing, these being restored by Anthony Salvin. This castle, (containing a fine collection of antiques and works of art) is considered of very great national interest. Main block with C14 walls and vaulted undercroft. Caesar's tower and Guy's tower, the Gatehouse and its Barbican also C14. The curtain walls may date from this period. Bear and Clarence towers C15, left incomplete 1485 and later given battlements; probably intended as a stronghold within the castle similar to that at Raglan.

Late C17 internal features include exceptional plasterwork and wood carvings to the Cedar Room by Roger and William Hurlbut, completed 1678. Altered 1753-5 by Lancelot Brown, who rebuilt the porch and stairway to the Great Hall. Porch extended forward and additional rooms built beside it, 1763-9, by Timothy Lightoler. Watergate tower restored by A Salvin 1861-3. Ancient Monument.
(5)

Detailed history and description of the castle. (6)

Additional bibliography. (7-12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : R1 BHS 17-JAN-1968
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : English Heritage book of castles
Source details :
Page(s) : 102, 128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : The history of the King's Works, volume 3 : 1485-1660 (part 1)
Source details :
Page(s) : 301-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 17-JAN-68
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE AM's in England 1973 217
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : Borough of Warwick, March 1973
Page(s) : 05-Jul
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : A history of the county of Warwick: volume VIII: the City of Coventry and Borough of Warwick
Source details :
Page(s) : 452-67
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tyack G. 1982. Making of Warwickshire Country Houses. (Warwick Local Historical Society Occassion Paper 4)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 486
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 9
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Warwickshire
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 42
Source Number : 10
Source : Ordnance Survey guide to castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 144
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Fort
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Built 1483-5
Monument End Date : 1485
Monument Start Date : 1483
Monument Type : Artillery Tower, Loopholed Wall
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Extended C13-C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Castle, Curtain Wall, Gatehouse, Angle Tower, Interval Tower, Great Hall, Barbican, Undercroft
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C15 additions
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1400
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C18 rebuilding
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Late C18
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1767
Monument Type : Boundary Wall
Evidence : Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt in 1863-66
Monument End Date : 1866
Monument Start Date : 1863
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : rebuilt 1872
Monument End Date : 1872
Monument Start Date : 1872
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 301362
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 94
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 307361
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 307363
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 307364
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 26 SE 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 333658
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 333617
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1150800
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 26 SE 19
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-01-17
End Date : 1968-01-17
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE GATEHOUSE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : NEW ENTRANCE STAIRS TO CHAPEL UNDERCROFT (TR. A), WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : BREWHOUSE, ADJACENT TO CAESAR'S TOWER, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : FORMER FLAT AREA (K), DOMESTIC RANGE UNDERCROFT, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE MOUND
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : FORMER FLAT (AREA K TR. B-E), DOMESTIC RANGE UNDERCROFT, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : NEW ENTRANCE STAIRS TO CHAPEL UNDERCROFT, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : NEW SERVICE DUCTS, DOMESTIC RANGE UNDERCROFT, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : BEAR AND CLARENCE TOWER BRIDGE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : NORTH EDGE OF CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : BELOW CAESAR'S TOWER, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE MOUND
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1995-01-01
End Date : 1995-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE: GUY'S TOWER
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE (BARBICAN)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE (COURTYARD BY GUY'S TOWER)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE (SOUTH OF SPY TOWER)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : GUY'S TOWER, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : GUY'S TOWER, WARWICK CASTLE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE: DOMESTIC RANGE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE RIVERSIDE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2006-01-01
End Date : 2006-12-31
Associated Activities : WARWICK CASTLE COURTYARD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31