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Historic England Research Records

Maxstoke Castle

Hob Uid: 334084
Location :
Warwickshire
North Warwickshire
Maxstoke
Grid Ref : SP2239089100
Summary : Fortified manor house or castle, built circa 1345, and partly remodelled by the Earl of Stafford a century later. The surviving remains consist of a restored medieval gatehouse, curtain wall and four octagonal angle towers. A range of buildings lines the inside of the western curtain wall, including the 15th century great hall and a kitchen range. The brick block at the northern was added circa 1820. The north west range is timber framed and dates from the 16th century. The surrounding moat is water filled. The entrance bridge crosses the east arm to the gatehouse.
More information : (SP 22398910) Maxstoke Castle (G T) : Moat (G T). (1)

Maxstoke Castle was built by William Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon in about 1345, and partly remodelled by the Earl of Stafford, just a century later.

The Castle is of local red sandstone and is surrounded by a wide stone-revetted moat. The thick curtain walls have embattled
parapets and the angle towers are also embattled. The north-western of these is known as 'The Lady's Tower' the others are 'Deadman's' (North-east), 'Dairy' (South-east) and 'Kitchen' (South-west).

There were originally buildings within the quadrangle against the north, west and south curtain walls. The western survive but have been much altered. Some of the outbuildings are ancient, including a fine barn of eight 131/2 ft. bays of timber framing on stone foundations. (2)

"A fine but feebly fortified manor-house. The great Gatehouse adds a note of military dignity to otherwise weak fortifications". (3)

The castle and moat are in excellent condition. See photographs. The Tithe Barn collapsed and was demolished (a)
Published survey (25") of moat correct. (4)

'Maxstoke Castle' a private residence maintained in excellent order. The castle has survived intact and the fabric has been skilfully restored so that it presents an outstanding example of its period. The domestic buildings within the west and north walls are of at least four periods - stonebuilt of 15thc date, half-timbered of the 16th century, with an extension of 1698 and a brick-built house of the early 19th century.

The surrounding water filled moat is in good condition. It measures, overall, 110.0m north-south by 100.0m transversely. The steep-sided arms average 20.0m in width. The entrance is over the east arm. Water enters by a stream at the south east corner and leaves from the north west.
1:2500 MSD revised. (5)

Scheduled as 'Maxstoke Castle (uninhabited parts)'. (6)

Maxstoke Castle. Built by Sir William Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon, c.1345, and partly remodelled by Humphrey Stafford, later Duke of Buckingham, about a century later. Built of local red sandstone. Of square plan, with octagonal towers at the angles and a gatehouse in the middle of the east front, the whole surrounded by a moat. The curtain walls have embattled parapets, and the higher angle-tower are also embattled. The gatehouse is of 3 storeys, flanked by semi-octagonal turrets, the gateways having segmental-pointed arches, and the ceiling of the passage-way being vaulted. The whole is very much as originally built, and is an excellent example of a keeplews castle of purely domestic origin and character. Inside the quadrangle, against the west curtain wall, is a range of domestic buildings (inhabited). The east wall is of 14 C. and 15 C. date, but the buildings, with the exception of a 15 C. Great Hall are generally 17 C. and contain panelling and overmantels of that period. Ranged along the western portion of the north curtain wall is an early 16 C. building of 3 storeys, with roughcast timber-framed walls. This contains original features but has additions and alterations of 17 C. date.

Barn 135 yds. S.E. of Castle. S.E. of the castle is an excellent barn of 8 bays of timber framing on stone foundations. (7)

(Barn 135 yards SE of Castle - source 7, now demolished - see source 4) (8)

Detailed history and description of Castle. (9)

Detailed description of Castle. (10-11)

Description of Tithe Barn. (12)

Additional bibliography. (13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1937
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Warwick: volume four: Hemlingford Hundred
Source details : (J W Bloe)
Page(s) : 133-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1947
Source Number : 10
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) 43rd list Dist of North Warw March 1988 47-48
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10a
Source : Country Life
Source details : (M Binney)
Page(s) : 11,18
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1974
Source Number : 10b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Houses (H Avary Tipping)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 11
Source : Warwickshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 348
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1966
Source Number : 12
Source : English vernacular houses : a study of traditional farmhouses and cottages
Source details :
Page(s) : 214-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1975
Source Number : 13
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 483
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number :
Source : field report on SP 28 NW 10 - 02-FEB-1976
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number :
Source : field report on SP 28 NW 10 - 04-AUG-1967
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The English castle
Source details : (H Braun)
Page(s) : 95-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1936
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 04-AUG-67
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Oral Mr Dilke (owner)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ASP 02-FEB-76
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Ancient monuments in England : a list prepared by the Department of the Environment, corrected to 31st December 1971
Source details :
Page(s) : 217
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1973
Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR)Meriden RD Warwickshire Aug 1951 38-9
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : RCHME Recorder MLR 22-SEP-88
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (NW Alcock, PA Faulkner, SR Jones, with GMD Booth)
Page(s) : 195-233
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 135 - 1978

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Licenced 1345
Monument End Date : 1345
Monument Start Date : 1345
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, Fortified Manor House, Angle Tower, Gatehouse, Curtain Wall, Moat
Evidence : Extant Building, Structure, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid C15
Monument End Date : 1466
Monument Start Date : 1433
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, Gatehouse, Fortified Manor House, Angle Tower, Great Hall, Kitchen, Curtain Wall, Moat
Evidence : Extant Building, Structure, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1820
Monument End Date : 1830
Monument Start Date : 1810
Monument Type : Building
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 59b
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 35568
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 309006
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 59a
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 21561
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 59
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 309007
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 28 NW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION SP 28 NW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-08-04
End Date : 1967-08-04
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION SP 28 NW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-02-02
End Date : 1976-02-02
Associated Activities : Primary, MAXSTOKE CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31