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Historic England Research Records

Oldbury Camp

Hob Uid: 336255
Location :
Warwickshire
North Warwickshire
Hartshill
Grid Ref : SP3135094700
Summary : The earthworks and buried remains of Oldbury Camp, a univallate hillfort. The hillfort utilises a prominent ridge which rises to the west of the village of Hartshill and occupies an area of some 2.8ha. Traces of the hillfort's defensive earthworks, a bank and external ditch, are visible along the north east, north west and south west sides. The best preserved section of the bank forms the north western defences to the site. It is visible as an earthwork, with a maximum width of 6.5 metres at its base, although its central section has been breached. Much of the external ditch has been infilled but will survive as a buried feature. A causeway across the ditch at the north west corner is believed to mark the site of an original entrance to the hillfort. Oldbury Camp originally extended to the south east, but this area has been extensively modified by the construction of buildings associated with both the now demolished Georgian house, Oldbury Hall, whch occupied part of the site until it was levelled in 1948, and a reservoir which was operational by 1954 and occupies the central part of the hillfort's interior. Scheduled.
More information : [SP 31359470] Oldbury Camp [LB] (1)

This is a rectangular earthwork with the S.E. side missing.

Various authorities have suggested dates from E.I.A. to R.B.
but they have little supporting evidence. The site was partly
excavated by K. Dauncey in 1949 but produced no dateable
evidence. B.A. Stanley (in a letter of 4.6.57) refers to a "double
contoured rampart" to the S.E. of the fort; this has not been
mentioned by earlier writers.

Dugdale (1656) notes flint axes from the "north part of the
fort", but it has not been possible to verify these. (2-3)

Oldbury Camp consists of a nearly square earthwork. The S.W. side
is somewhat mutilated, the S.E. is missing, but the N.W. is in
good condition and has a typical I.A. rampart and ditch. In the
centre of this side is an entrance which is probably original;
others in the N.W. and N.E. corners are probably modern. (4)

Parallel to the S.W. and N.E. sides, with the ground falling
away, there are indications of scarping to form outer defenses,
but nothing of interest was seen to the S.E. (Mr. Stanley is very
ill and was not contacted.)

During construction of a house (c 1955) at SP 31449463, remains of
skeletons were found; they were sent to Birmingham University
and dated to the "first millennium B.C.". Shown on O.S. Iron Age
Map of Southern Britain 1956.

Published survey, (25" 1959) revised. (5)

Scheduled as 'Oldbury Camp'. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1959
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : British Association. 1950. Birmingham and its Regional Setting, 93
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Warwick, volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 376-8
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 AC 15-MAR-51
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 FRH 14-APR-67
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Source Number : 6
Source : Ancient monuments in England : a list prepared by the Department of the Environment, corrected to 31st December 1971
Source details :
Page(s) : 215
Figs. :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 16-Apr-99
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Univallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WA 37
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Warwickshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 255
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 21586
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 39 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, OLDBURY CAMP
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1949-01-01
End Date : 1949-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 39 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1951-03-15
End Date : 1951-03-15
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 39 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-04-14
End Date : 1967-04-14
Associated Activities : Primary, OLDBURY CAMP RESERVOIRS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLDBURY CAMP
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31