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Historic England Research Records

Beckley Park

Hob Uid: 338707
Location :
South Oxfordshire
Beckley And Stowood
Grid Ref : SP5773012010
Summary : Hunting lodge first documented in 1347, rebuilt in 1375 when it was also moated. The present house was built c. 1540, has an E-plan. It is situated within the triple moats of the hunting lodge. There are no signs of the earlier house.
More information : (SP 57741199) Moat (NR) (1)

Beckley. The 'hunting lodge' on the site of the modern Lower
Park Farm (identified on OS 6" 1900) (now Beckley Park) was first
mentioned in 1347 when it was being repaired. In 1375, it was
rebuilt for Edward III, and it is recorded that the lodge had a
great hall surrounded by a ditch, a mound, and an outer moat. He
strengthened the hall with four stone buttresses built up from
the ditch, and had the whole lodge ringed with a third ditch and
mound. The remains of the hall, buttresses and the three moats
can be seen today. The medieval lodge was probably ruinous when
acquired by Sir John Williams in Edward VI's reign, and the
existing red-brick house which must have been built by 1600, is
probably his work. It has the normal arrangement of hall, parlour,
buttery and kitchen, but the three massive towers on the north
side are an unusual architechtural feature. Grade 1. (2-4)

The present house built c 1540 in the triple moated site (see
plan). (5-6)

Centred SP57731198. The triple moats are situated in low-lying
ground and fed from the south by a small stream; the original
entrance to the Lodge was probably on the south-west side. The
inner waterfilled moat encloses an area 35.0m
(north-west/south-east) by 25.0m and is complete save for most of
the south-west arm which was probably infilled when the 16th century
house was constructed. The interior is now an ornamental garden and
there are no traces of the lodge.

Between the inner and middle moat there is a grassed interspace
from 10.0m to 15.0m wide (except on the north-east side). The
majority of the south-east arm of the middle, waterfilled, moat
has been effaced and covered by farm buildings. The south angle
has evidently been reconstructed since it is not shown on the OS.
25" CS1. The outer and middle moats are contiguous and the former,
now dry, is not as deep as its partners. The south-east side of
this outer moat is also infilled although its course can be
vaguely detected in the overgrown orchard.

The mound shown at SP 57731203 on Aston's plan is most probably
dredged silt and that at SP 57681195 is bank clearance.

'Beckley Park' (name verified) is an outstanding five-bay Tudor
house, brick built with extensive diaper work and three,
three-storey 'wings' at the rear, a central and two outer 'stunted'
wings giving the house an 'E' plan. The chimneys and front porch
have been rebuilt.

Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the counties of England
Source details : Oxfordshire (B P Wolffe)
Page(s) : 57-58
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5 (1957)
Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Bullington Oxon 1949 6-7
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source details : Hist Kings Works, 2 1963 898-9 (Colvin)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 9: South Midlands archaeology newsletter
Source details : (M Aston)
Page(s) : 22-23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3 (1973)
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 175
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 17 (1973)
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 09-JUN-76
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : The Buildings of England
Source details : N. Pevsner, J. Sherwood. (1974)
Page(s) : 448-449
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Country Life
Source details :
Page(s) : 400-408
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 65

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Hunting Lodge, Moat
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : c1540
Monument End Date : 1550
Monument Start Date : 1530
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 246532
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 51 SE 18
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 616831
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1077096
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1077103
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1077106
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 51 SE 18
Start Date : 1976-06-09
End Date : 1976-06-09