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Historic England Research Records

Barby Castle

Hob Uid: 340222
Location :
Northamptonshire
Daventry
Barby
Grid Ref : SP5438070700
Summary : The site of a manor house. The site consists of an oval flat-topped mound only 1 to 1.5 metres high, above the surrounding hillside, bounded by a broad flat-bottomed ditch 1 metre deep. There are slight traces of an outer bank on the south east side but modern housing development has encroached upon the ditch on the south and has destroyed a section of outer bank which is visible on air photographs. There are also traces of old boundaries and ridge and furrow. Scheduled.
More information : (SP 54357070) Castle Mound (LB) (1)

(On Barby) The Manor House stood in Hall Close, at the N end of the village. It was noticed in the extent of Edward 1, but was probably deserted at an early period, Its moated site is still visible. (2)

The homestead moat at Barby is that of Barby Manor House. (3)

Barby Manor House (site of) SP 544707, scheduled Monument. (Apparently applies to castle mound in (1)). (4)

An elevated mound, strongly ditched about, except on the south where the bank has been nearly levelled in a new housing estate. A Castle Mound.
See annotated 25" survey. (5)

Site of manor house (SP 543707) known as Barby Castle, lies on a prominent rounded hill of clay at 145m above OD, dominating the village centre. It is presumably the site of an early manor house which had some form of defence.The field in which it stands was known as Hall Close in the early 19th century. The site consists of an oval flat-topped mound only 1m-1.5m above the surrounding hillside, bounded by a broad flat-bottomed ditch 1m deep. There are slight traces of an outer bank on the SE side but modern housing development has encroached upon the ditch on the S and has destroyed a section of this outer bank which is visible on air photographs. From the E and W sides of the site broad scarps up to 1m high extend in both directions. These are the boundaries of old enclosures, some still with traces of ridge and furrow within them. To the S of the site, in an area now covered by modern housing, air photographs show a hollow way which presumably once linked the manor house to the village. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1967
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Northants I 1822, 264 (Baker)
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Northampton: volume two
Source details : (Rev E A Downman)
Page(s) : 412
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 1906
Source Number : 4
Source : Bulletin of the Northamptonshire Federation of Archaeological Societies
Source details :
Page(s) : 39
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Vol(s) : Feb-67
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 11-MAR-70
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Source Number : 6
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in the County of Northampton. Volume III: archaeological sites in north-west Northamptonshire
Source details : (Monument 2)
Page(s) : 13-14
Figs. : 23
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1981
Source Number : 6a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (CUAP, ACA74,75)
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Source Number : 6b
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (RAF VAP CPE/UK/1994 1353-4 1482-3)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 315
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 2
Source Number :
Source : RCHME: Barby Castle, Northamptonshire
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Manor House, Motte
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NN 117
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 57 SW 14
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 57 SW 14
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-03-11
End Date : 1970-03-11
Associated Activities : BARBY CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1988-12-31