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Historic England Research Records

Piddington Roman Villa

Hob Uid: 343312
Location :
Northamptonshire
South Northamptonshire
Hackleton
Grid Ref : SP7978054140
Summary : A substantial Roman building, probably remains of a villa first discovered in 1781. Excavations suggest the site was occupied from the 1st - mid-4th century AD and in its later phases was used for industrial purposes including iron working.
More information : SP 79785414. Remains of a substantial Roman building together with 1st to 4th century pottery, roof tiles, wall plaster, bricks, tesserae and a piece of marble were found in 1968 by G Scott. Finds deposited in Northampton Museum. The museum confirmed the classification and dating of the finds and were of the opinion that this was probably the building discovered at Piddington in 1781. (See SP 75 SE 16). (1)

The indicated site is now under high crop. Perimeter perambulation resulted in finds of Roman brick and several 3rd to 4th century sherds. (2)

Roman villa (SP 79785414). Further discoveries include a wall on each side, as well as part of a tessellated pavement. (3)

One coin found in 1979 at (SP 797541), an Antoninianus of Carausius (287-931), rev LAETITIA AVG. (4)

The excavation of this site began in 1979, it revealed a substantial stone building with stone walls and a minimum of 177 rooms, some with tessellated floors and simple hypercausts. A corridor was laid with herringbone laid tile (OPUS SPICATUM). Other features revealed painted plaster and tile and slate roofs. Initial analysis suggests at least four phases of occupation from pits and gullies in the mid 1st century to increasing complexity of building until the final phase in the mid 4th century. In the final phase there is evidence for industrial use of the site for the production of lead and/or pewter working. Finds from the site include a large iron key, a late Iron Age terret and a 15th century enamelled and gilded pendant. (5)

(Fig.11) Plan of the excavated site. (6)

NH 58 Listed as the site of 1st-4th century AD Roman villa. (7)

Field walking and slag find analysis indicate an iron working site with tap slag and non tap slag furnaces. The site is currently being excavated by the Upper Nene Archaeological Society. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 20-AUG-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Rev F B Corke Hackleton Vicarage Hackleton
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7b
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 342
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1981
Source Number : 7c
Source : Current archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 348
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 82, 1982
Source Number : 7d
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 452
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1988
Source Number : 7e
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 290-2
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20, 1989
Source Number : 7f
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 332-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21, 1990
Source Number : 8
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : MPP Iron and Steel Industries: STEP 3, Site Assessments
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 FDC 26-AUG-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in the County of the Northampton. Volume IV: archaeological sites in south-west Northamptonshire
Source details : (Monument 11) Addenda
Page(s) : 199
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3b
Source : Northamptonshire archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 106
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14, 1979
Source Number : 4
Source : Northamptonshire archaeology
Source details :
Page(s) : 167
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15, 1980
Source Number : 5
Source : Northamptonshire archaeology
Source details : (Friendship-Taylor RM and DE)
Page(s) : 202
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16, 1981
Source Number : 6
Source : Council for British Archaeology Group 9: South Midlands archaeology newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 33-35
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11
Source Number : 7
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : NH 58
Page(s) : 144
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 7a
Source : Bulletin of the Northamptonshire Federation of Archaeological Societies
Source details :
Page(s) : 14-15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 8, 1973

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : 1st to mid 4th century
Monument End Date : 350
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Furnace, Bloomery
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 7954002
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 7954010
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1673/1/1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1673/1/2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1673/1/3
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1673/1/4
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Northamptonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1673/1/5
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 75 SE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, PIDDINGTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1958-01-01
End Date : 1958-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 75 SE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-08-26
End Date : 1970-08-26
Associated Activities : Primary, PIDDINGTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31