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Historic England Research Records

Old Wolverton Deserted Village

Hob Uid: 345089
Location :
Milton Keynes
Wolverton and Greenleys
Grid Ref : SP8019741219
Summary : A deserted village and motte and bailey surviving as extensive and well preserved earthworks in which features such as house platforms and roads can be identified. North of the village is a Norman motte and bailey castle. The motte is 4.9 metres high and measures 50 metres east to west by 25 metres north to south. The norther n part of the site is biscected by the Grand Union Canal. These remains are Scheduled. In 2001 Dr. Welsh of University College Northampton briefly examined the site and identified a possible larger, earlier earthwork enclosure, which he suggests may be Iron Age, within which the motte and bailey was apparently set. He also noted a late medieval or post medieval house platform overlying the bailey ditch.
More information : (SP 8036 4131) Motte & Bailey (NR). (Centred SP 801411) Medieval Village (site of) (NAT) (1)

SP 802 412. Deserted Md village of Wolverton. There are excellent earthworks west of Holy Trinity Church, and a motte and bailey to the east. The village was enclosed in the 16th -17thc by the Longueville family. (2)

The motte, now overgrown with trees, is situated on high ground adjacent to Holy Trinity churchyard. It has been landscaped to form a garden feature, and no trace of an encircling ditch remains. It survives to a maximum height of 4.9m and measures c 50.0m E-W by 25.0m N-S. The top has been dug into, but no finds are known to have been made.

Only a small section of the bailey ditch can be seen to the NW of the motte, the remainder has been destroyed by landscaping and later enclosures.

The remains of the deserted Medieval village of Wolverton comprise the main street, with adjacent croft enclosures and probable house platforms. Several of the enclosures contain rig-and-furrow. The village appears to have extended to the NS and E, but all trace of this is destroyed by ploughing. (3)

Surveyed at 1:2500. (4)

A rapid examination of air photography (5a) shows the deserted village earthworks. Possible soilmarks of crofts are visible northeast of Warren Farm. (5)

A brief preliminary investigation carried out by Dr. Thomas C Welsh in 2001suggests a previously unidentified larger enclosure in which the motte and bailey was later set. Dr. Welsh suggests that this may be Iron Age. He also noted a later feature overlying the bailey, which he interpreted as a late medieval or post medieval house platform. Please see archived Archaeology File AF002203 for details. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 25" 1972
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Source Number : 2
Source : Wolverton and District Archaeological Society newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 21
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Vol(s) : 11, 1967
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator 06/05/1969
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Second OS Archaeology Field Investigator 11/12/1974
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Source Number : 5
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Andrew Miller/25-JUL-1994/RCHME: AP Primary Recording Project
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Source Number : 5a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : NMR, SP 8040/1/176-180; SP 8041/1/181-183, SP 8041/2/184-188
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Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 07/08/1996
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Compiler's comment, Robin Page, 13-MAR-2006
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Possibly Iron Age
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Road, House Platform, Field System, Boundary, Ridge And Furrow, Motte And Bailey, Earthwork
Evidence : Earthwork, Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Possibly post medieval
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : House Platform
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : BU 87
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : BU 13609
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13609
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 84 SW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 345103
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 84 SW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1969-05-06
End Date : 1969-05-06
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT WOLVERTON MILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MANOR FARM, OLD WOLVERTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31