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Historic England Research Records

Trentishoe Barrows

Hob Uid: 34656
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Trentishoe
Grid Ref : SS6303647729
Summary : Three Bronze Age barrows varying in size from 9.3m to 18m in diameter and 0.4m to 0.8m high. Two barrows are visible on aerial photographs; however, the third is obscured by vegetation.
More information : (SS 62954776 'A'; SS 62944769 - 'B') Trentishoe
Barrows (NR). (1)

Only one of these barrows now remains (A, SS 62964776) and that
is in a very mutilated condition. It consists of a stony mound 3
feet high with a diameter of approximately 42 feet. Its centre
has been opened leaving a hollow 23 feet diameter which contains
a cist the remains of which are approximately 7 feet long and
2 feet 6 inches wide. An arc of stony material in a mound 1 foot
high and approximately 19 feet radius lying about 14 feet east
of the tumulus is probably spoil from the excavation. Visited
19th June 1952.

The site of tumulus 'B' (SS 62954770) is apparent by a scatter
of stones of no definable diameter and having no elevation above
the surrounding down. Visited 19th June 1952. (2)

SS 62964778 Trentishoe No 1. A heath covered mutilated cairn
with a large hollow in centre. Diameter 18 paces, height 4
feet. Visited by Whybrow and Grinsell 20 May 1961.

SS 62954771 Trentishoe No 2. A truncated heath covered bowl
barrow. Diameter 20 paces, height 1 foot Visited 20 May 1961.

SS 63194769 Trentishoe 3. A small (undisturbed?) heath covered
cairn, diameter 9 paces, height 1 foot. Found by Whybrow and
Grinsell on 20 May 1961. (3)

'A' An oval barrow, 14 metres by 12 metres and 0.9 metre high.
The central mutilation is 0.8 metre deep but the cist is no
longer visible. Poor condition.

'B' 15.5 metres diameter and 0.4 metre high with a central
depression. Very poor condition.

'C' Grinsell's siting falls within a patch of furze and the
cairn could not be located. (4)

Scheduled, Devon 608. (5)

Barrow group on Trentishoe Common. The remains of two summit barrows at SS 62964776 and SS 62954770; a third barrow lies to the east below the summit at SS 63124775.

Barrow A is centred at SS 62964776. It consists of a circular mound averaging 11.2m in diameter and standing to 0.8m in height. The mound is of earth and stone and seems compact and well-formed. A rectangular pit, 5.3m lomg and 2.8m wide, has been dug into its centre. The west side of the pit has been cut back giving it a triangular appearance, and increasing its width to 4.1m. A low heather-covered bank 2.3m wide and 0.3m high, running north-south on the eastern side of the cairn, is probably the spoil from this excavation. On the north-western corner of the barrow itself is a small modern cairn.
Vegetation: mainly heather, with some bracken. Aspect: open in all directions. The barrow occupies the highest point of the hill.

Barrow B is centred at SS 62954770. It has been very badly robbed, and this has removed the entire top of the barrow and in places has obliterated it. Nevertheless it is recognisable as a low stone and earth mound averaging 18m in diameter, with a maximum height of 0.4m. In detail it comprises an irregular spread of stone and earth which forms the degraded central part of the barrow. The northern edge has been completely removed and is now only traceable as a slight vegetation change; the interior being turf, the exterior heather. The eastern and southern edges of the barrow are defined as low stony scarps. The western side has been severely robbed, leaving an isolated curving bank of material some 7.2m long, 2.6m wide and 0.4m high which originally formed the southern rim of the barrow.
Vegetation: low heather and turf and some bilberry. Bracken encroaching from the north. The area appears to have been burnt off in recent years. Aspect: generally southerly.

Barrow C is centred at SS 63124775, and is recorded by source 6. It lies to the east of A and B on east to north-east facing slopes below the summit of the Down, and consists of a compact stony, circular mound, with a diameter of 9.3m and a height of 0.4m. The mound is generally of consolidated composition, although in places some stone is loose. In addition there is a scatter of stone on the north-eastern (downslope) side of the feature. These features appear to be more to do with natural agencies rather than excavation of the mound. It appears, therefore, that the cairn is intact.
Vegetation: low heather and grass. Aspect: easterly.

Barrow group surveyed at 1/2500. (7)

Two barrows of the Trentishoe group can be seen on aerial photographs; barrow "A" is centred at SS 6296 4776 and measures up to 14 metres across. Barrow "B" is centred at SS 6295 4770, and measures approximately 12 metres across. These barrows are as described above. Barrow C is not visible, and is possible obscured by vegetation cover in the area. A large number of clearance cairns are also visible in the area (see NMR 872776) (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10 000 1978
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 SW 30-JUN-52
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Source Number : 3
Source : Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings
Source details : (LV Grinsell)
Page(s) : 128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28, 1970
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 MJF 15-AUG-72
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Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : DOE (IAM) Eng 1971 56
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol Rept on Exmoor 1985/6: Trentishoe Down, a summary report, 1986, (R McDonnell)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, F3 15-JUN-1993 (WR Wilson-North)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Trentishoe, SS 64 NW 4, 7, 15, 31, 32, 33, 37/ink survey
Source details :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/72065 051-52 15-APR-1972
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 608
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 12095
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 12097
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 NW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 NW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1952-06-30
End Date : 1952-06-30
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 NW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-08-15
End Date : 1972-08-15
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 NW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1993-06-15
End Date : 1993-06-15
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01