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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 34675

Hob Uid: 34675
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6979043330
Summary : A stone setting forming an almost perfect square with a central stone. This setting is known as a qunicunx.
More information : (SS69794333) Stones (NAT). (1)

Longstone Allotment, Chapman Barrows. An isolated stone
setting forming a quadrilateral with a centre stone marking the
exact intersection of the diagonals. The sides are:- NW, 59 ft
11 ins; NE, 60 ft 11 ins; SW, 52 ft 7 ins; SE, 61 ft 3 ins. One
stone is broken off near the ground level and the largest is 33 ins
high. (2)

As described by Chanter and Worth. Situated in rushy moorland
the stones are not deeply embedded though some packing stones
have been used.

Divorced survey at 1:2500. (3)


SS 69794333. A setting of five stones, four of which form an almost perfect square with the fifth near the intersection of the diagonals. The site lies on a SW facing slope above the River Bray in an area covered reeds, heather and long grass, at 468m OD, which possesses good views to the S and SW.
The geology is the Combe Martin Slates and the monument is composed of thin shaley slabs.
The axis of this setting, termed a quincunx, are almost exactly N-S and E-W, with sides of 26.2 and 25.4m respectivly. Contrary to Chanter and Worth (2) the centre stone does not mark the intersection; a line between stones C and E passes 25cm to its S. The orientation of the stones are, with the exception of C, uniformly E-W. Stone C, although portrayed by Chanter and Worth (2) and described by Eardly Wilmot (4a) as being similarly orientated, actually lies N-S. It may be that this stone has fallen and been incorrectly restored. McDonnell sees a low mound at the South of the site five stones in quincunx, all pointing E-W (4a) (4). The low mound seen by McDonnell is not apparent (5).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov 1963.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details : (Chanter & Worth).
Page(s) : 391
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 37, 1905
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 22-AUG-72
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : CRAAGS Exmoor AP Survey. Gaz No SS 6943B,1980, R MCDonnell.
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Source Number : 4a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Catalogue of Thirty Exmoor Stone Settings I1,1983,H Eardly-Wilmot.
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME Field Investigation, 13-JAN-1989, SAJ Probert.
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Source : Lithic monuments within the Exmoor National Park: a new survey for management purposes
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Source : Chapman Barrows/ink survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Stone Setting
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS64SE060
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-08-22
End Date : 1972-08-22
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 SE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1989-01-13
End Date : 1989-01-13