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Historic England Research Records

Odell Castle

Hob Uid: 346782
Location :
Bedford
Odell
Grid Ref : SP9660057900
Summary : The mutilated earthwork remains of Odell Castle, a Motte and Bailey with a stone keep was described as a ruin in the 16th century by Leland. A new residence was built in 1623, using the remains of the keep and was altered in the 18th and 19th centuries. The present residence was built 1962. All remains of the castle have been obliterated by buildings and garden landscaping.
More information : SP 966 579: Odell Castle (NR). (1)

Odell Castle, originally a motte and bailey apparently with a stone keep, was described by Leland, E 16th c, as a ruin (2). Nothing is known of the original buildings, but a new residence was built 1623 apparently using the remains of the keep, indicated by the great thickness of the walls in the basement to the SW and NW (3). Considerable alterations were made in the 18th and 19th centuries. (2,3)

The terracing on the motte and the retaining walls are modern; what was probably the bailey is now terraced lawns. The present road lies in the bed of the ditch, which appears to have once surrounded the works, dying away to the south in marshy ground. (4)

Odell Castle was mostly burnt out circa 1935; application has now been for its demolition. (5)

The mutilated remains of Odell Castle (name verified) generally as described and planned by Wadmore. All resemblance to a motte and bailey has been destroyed by successive building and garden landscaping. The castle ditch on the north side is mutilated by road widening. The present house, also named Odell Castle, was built circa 1962.
Published survey (25") revised. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

At least five terraced banks of a garden of probable post-medieval or 20th century date are visible as earthworks on historic aerial photographs and remote sensing data and were mapped as part of the Bedford Borough NMP project. Located within the grounds of the former medieval castle and centred at SP 96632 57850, the terracing extends over an area about 200 metres SW-NE and 140 metres NW-SE. (8-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Magna Britannia 1813 122 (D and S Lysons)
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria History of the county Bedford : volume III
Source details : (V Rickards)
Page(s) : 73-4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1912
Source Number : 4
Source : The earthworks of Bedfordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 113-5
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Source Number : 5
Source : Bulletin of the British Archaeological Association
Source details :
Page(s) : 1
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 118 - 1960
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 21-Mar-74
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Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 8
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SP 9657 Environment Agency 1m DTM JAN-1998–SEP-2014
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Source Number : 9
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Georeferenced composite layer of vertical aerial photographs taken in 1968. Held by Bedford Borough Council HER
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Keep
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Built 1623
Monument End Date : 1623
Monument Start Date : 1623
Monument Type : House, Terraced Garden, Garden Feature, Bank (Earthwork), Pit, Pond
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Built 1962
Monument End Date : 1962
Monument Start Date : 1962
Monument Type : House, Terraced Garden, Garden Feature, Bank (Earthwork), Pit, Pond
Evidence : Extant Building, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 87510
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Bedfordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2991
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Bedfordshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 16944
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 95 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BEDFORD BOROUGH NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2016-02-01
End Date : 2019-05-03