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Historic England Research Records

Lavendon Castle And Castle Farm

Hob Uid: 346942
Location :
Milton Keynes
Lavendon
Grid Ref : SP9167654368
Summary : Castle Lavendon, is a ringwork or motte and bailey first mentioned in a pipe roll of 1192-3. The earthwork was destroyed in 1944 when much 12th century pottery was found. A 17th century farmhouse and garden terracing have effectively destroyed the former mound, but vague slopes and a section of water-filled ditch survive on the north west side of the house. This is a Scheduled Monument.
More information : (SP 917543) Lavendon Castle on site of (NAT) Castle (NR). (1)

A mount and 3 baileys (see plan); the mount, now occupied by a farmhouse and outbuildings was apparently never of any great height; its ditch is indicated by 2 ponds on the SE & NW sides. The NE bailey has stronger defences than the other two and has distinct entrances. (2)

The motte was destroyed in 1944 when much 12thc pottery was found. (3)

The castle of Lavendon is mentioned in a pipe Roll in 1192-3. (4)

The amorphous remains of a motte or ringwork and bailey in an even terrain position.

Castle Farm, a 17thc farmhouse (not outstanding) outbuildings and garden terracing have effectively destroyed the former mound, but vague slopes and a section of water-filled ditch survive on the NW side of the house. The dimensions shown on the OS 25" and the RCHM plan (the slopes were presumably destroyed in 1944) suggest a ring-work, probably the original feature rather than a motte.

There is only one formal bailey enclosure, that to the NE (1). The bank, ditch and interior are under pasture, and there is one recognisable entrance on the SE side. The enclosures (2) (3) to the NW and W of the castle are not strictly defensive (see RCHM Sections), but are almost certainly contemporary.

Resurveyed at 1:2500. (5)

Listed by Cathcart King. (6)

The castle was in possession of Bidon, who held it at some time between 1154 x 1184. (7)

The castle earthworks described above, were visible as earthworks on lidar imagery and were mapped as part of the Bedford Borough NMP project. The visible earthworks largely correspond to the plan in Source 2. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1960
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Buckinghamshire, volume two [north]
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1913
Source Number : 3
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : (E M Jope & R I Threlfall)
Page(s) : 239
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 39 - 1959
Source Number : 4
Source : Norman Castles in Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 222
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1968
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JRL 22-MAR-1974
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 28
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 7
Source : Castles, conquest and charters : collected papers
Source details :
Page(s) : 112
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Light detection and ranging (lidar) airborne survey
Source details : LIDAR SP9154 Environment Agency 1M DTM Jan 1998 - Sep 2014
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant between 1192-3
Monument End Date : 1193
Monument Start Date : 1154
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Ringwork
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find, Destroyed Monument, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : 17th century
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Farmhouse
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Period : Medieval
Component Monument Type : Motte And Bailey, Ringwork
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : BU 72
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 19063
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1009542
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Buckinghamshire)
External Cross Reference Number : MMK345
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 95 SW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SP 95 SW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-03-22
End Date : 1974-03-22
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE FARM, CASTLE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2011-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BEDFORD BOROUGH NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2016-02-01
End Date : 2019-05-03