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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 34718

Hob Uid: 34718
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Challacombe
Grid Ref : SS6833042960
Summary : A group of three Bronze Age round barrows are visible north of Challacombe Common. The first measures 16m in diameter and 0.9m high. The second measures 11.2m by 0.5m and has an amorphous hollow at its centre. The third is very disturbed by excavation and measures 12m by a maximum of 0.6m high. It has a central pit of 3m by 6m. A further three mounds were reported but there was no ground evidence for this during field investigation in 1993, nor are they visible on aerial photographs of the area.
More information : (SS 68324294)
(SS 68344295)
Tumuli (NR)
(SS 68354299)
(1)
A. SS 68324294, 16 paces diameter x 3ft
B. SS 68364295, 15 paces x 1ft
C. SS 68354299, 14 paces x 3ft
All round barrows.(2)

Three round barrows lying in open moorland.
A 18.0m diameter and 1.0m high, has a central depression.
B 17.0m diameter and 0.4m high
C SS 68344299; 13.0m diameter and 0.6m high
Resurveyed at 1:2500 (3)

A group of three barrows centred at SS 68344297.

SS 68324294. A roughly circular turfy, tussocky mound measuring 16m north-south and 17m west-east. It is 1.5m high on the western side, but otherwise 0.9m high. The summit of the mound measures 10.2m in diameter. It has been disturbed by an excavation, in the form of a square pit roughly 4.5m across and 0.4m deep.

SS 68344295. A turf covered mound measuring 11.2m north-south by 10.6m west-east, and 0.5m high. The summit measures 6.7m north-south by 5.5m west-east, and has an amorphous hollow at its centre. Further disturbance is visible on the western and eastern scarps of the mound. Here an outer rim possibly represents either excavation spoil, or alternatively an attemp to discover the former extent of the mound and to establish whether it had a kerb.

SS 68344300. A turfy, tussocky mound, very disturbed by excavation, but measuring approximately 12.2n north-south by 11m west-east. It has a summit diameter of 7.5m. The mound stands to 0.8m on the north and west sides, but 0.6m on the south and east.

The excavation is in the form of a central pit driven in through the east side of the mound. It measures 3.2m north-south and 6.9m west-east. A further area of disturbance which may be associated with the excavation exists on the northern crest of the mound.

McDonnell (4) records three further mounds at SS 68384297, SS 68424298 and SS 68024295 from APs. No surface evidence for these features was observed.

Aspect: Generally west-facing. The barrows occupy a ridge-end position with ground falling to north, south and west. To the east is higher ground with the Chapman Barrows (SS 64 SE 19) (5). (4-5)

The three barrows described above are all visible on aerial photographs as low earthworks, only one of which shows signs of disturbance. There is no trace of the three additional mounds on the aerial photographs viewed during the Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme; however the ground does appear very uneven in this area. Several other similiar mounds are visible in this area (see NMR UID 34715 and 34721) (6).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details : (Grinsell)
Page(s) : 114
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 28, 1970
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MHB 16-AUG-72
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : McDonnell R CRAAGS Exmoor AP Survey 1979-85
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Wilson-North WR 23-JUN-93, RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/2549 3108-09 27-MAR-1948
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2660
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 2661
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 5612
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 17976
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MDE1059
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 64 SE 17
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 64 SE 17
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-08-16
End Date : 1972-08-16
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01