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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 348006

Hob Uid: 348006
Location :
Lincolnshire
South Kesteven
Stamford
Grid Ref : TF0336007390
Summary : Medieval pottery kiln discovered during construction work at Stamford School in 1963. The kiln was found 100 metres east of the kiln found in 1874. It was a Musty type 1 b, and was single flued updraught kiln, oval in plan. It measured 3.65 metres in length and 2.29 metres in width. The kiln walls were clay lined. There was a central pedestal and traces of three more within the interior, these supported a raised floor comprising clay firebars. The pottery was of Stamford ware, fabric B, a fine sandy fabric, often glazed. The pottery was wheel-thrown and included a range of bowls, jugs and pitchers. The kiln was in production during the 13th century, this is based on the ceramic evidence. Archaeomagnetic dating gives a date range for the kiln of circa 1200+/-20.
More information : A 13th century, up-draught type kiln for firing
"developed" Stamford ware, and a quantity of pottery, was
discovered by workmen digging foundations for additions to
Stamford School TF 03270735 in 1963. (1)

Stamford ware and other medieval pottery was also found at
TF 033073 and TF 034074 in 1956. (2)

Mr. Simpson indicated the approximate site of the kiln at
TF 09360739.
A vast quantity of material is held by Stamford Museum. (3)

Additional bibliography. (4)

The kiln was found to be a Musty type 1 b, and was single flued and oval in plan. It measured 3.65 metres in length and 2.29 metres in width. The kiln walls were clay lined. There was a central pedestal and traces of three more within the interior, these supported a raised floor comprising clay firebars. The pottery was of Stamford ware, fabric B, a fine sandy fabric, often glazed. The pottery was wheel-thrown and included a range of bowls, jugs and pitchers. The kiln was in production during the 13th century, this is based on the ceramic evidence. Archaeomagnetic dating gives a date range for the kiln of circa 1200+/-20. (5-6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Corr 6" (FT Baker Undated)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : East Midland Archaeological bulletin
Source details : (WG Simpson)
Page(s) : 18-19
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : -1962
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHS 14-JUL-65
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Excavations in Stamford, Lincolnshire 1963-1969
Source details :
Page(s) : 145-175
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.9
Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf Mr WG Simpson. BA. Welland Valley Research Committee.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 5
Source : The pottery industry of Stamford, Lincolnshire, c AD 850-1250 : its manufacture, trade and relationship with Continental wares, with a classification and chronology
Source details :
Page(s) : 53-56
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 84
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval pottery in Britain AD 900-1600
Source details :
Page(s) : 255
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C13 production
Monument End Date : 1299
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Pottery Kiln, Updraught Kiln
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 00 NW 50
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, STAMFORD SCHOOL, ELM STREET, (SITE S)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1963-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 00 NW 50
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-07-14
End Date : 1965-07-14