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Historic England Research Records

Bourne Castle

Hob Uid: 348162
Location :
Lincolnshire
South Kesteven
Bourne
Grid Ref : TF0944019900
Summary : Medieval motte and double bailey castle, traces of the enclosed mound and inner and outer moats are all that now survive.
More information : [TF 09461989] Castle [GT] (Site of). (1)

Traces of the enclosed mound and inner and outer moats, all that remains of the 11th century Bourne Castle, are scheduled. [See Illustrations Card.]
Bourne was held before the Conquest by Morcar, Earl of the Northumbrians, and in 1086 by the Norman, Oger. Leland, speaking of the ditches and dungeon hill, does not mention any building. Stone arrow-slits built into a barn to the north of Castle Farm are all that remains of the fabric.
The enclosure west of St. Peter's Pool may be of later date. Bourne is traditionally the home of Hereward the Wake, but there is no evidence to support this. A fragmentary motte with double bailey and associated earthworks. No masonary is in situ but arrow slits are reinserted in a stone barn at TF 09502006. See G.P. AO/65/114/4.
Resurveyed at 1:2500. (2-6)

The Medieval motte and double bailey recorded by Authorities 1-6 was seen as an earthwork and mapped from poor quality air photographs.

The following features were identified:-

The motte lies to the south of the bailey, against the north side of
the Bourne Eau. It is just visible as a slight earthwork, partially
obscured by tree cover on the south, and outlined on the north and east by the arc of a narrow ditch.
Centred at:-TF 0944 1990
(Morph No. LI.748.3.1-2)

The ditch of the outer bailey runs north from St. Peter's Pool,
turning east at TF 0936 2008 to follow the southern boundaries of properties facing West Street; at TF 0956 2010 it turns south along the west side of South Street, meeting the Bourne Eau at TF 0961 1992.
The ditch of the inner bailey follows a parallel course.
Centred at:-TF 0946 1997
Additional NGR's:
TF 0961 1992
TF 0956 2010
TF 0936 2008
TF 0933 1998
(Morph No. LI.748.3.3)

St. Peter's Pool, the enclosure to the west of it, and another
possible enclosure to the south have been separately recorded as TF 01 NE/20, 21, and 22.
This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database.
(7-7a)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1959
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Associated Architectural Societies' reports and papers [Lincoln, York, Northampton, Bedford, Worcester, Leicester and Sheffield ]
Source details : E Trollope
Page(s) : IX-X
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6, 1861-2
Source Number : 3
Source : Associated Architectural Societies' reports and papers [Lincoln, York, Northampton, Bedford, Worcester, Leicester and Sheffield ]
Source details : E Venables
Page(s) : 03-Jul
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 20, 1889-90
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Armitage, E S, 1912. Early Norman Castles (107-8 398 plan)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf: D H Montgomerie.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Ancient monuments in England and Wales : list prepared by the Ministry of Works, corrected to 31st December 1960
Source details :
Page(s) : 63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1961
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 18-JUN-65
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ann Carter/27-NOV-1995/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : Aps 58/716 fr 3022-3024 (4.6.51)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 95
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 95
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.748.3
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 01 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 01 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-06-18
End Date : 1965-06-18
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT BOURNE CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31