HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Essendine Castle

Hob Uid: 348308
Location :
Rutland
Essendine
Grid Ref : TF0490012800
Summary : Medieval moat surviving as an earthwork. The moated island may have been occupied by a fortified manor house built in the late 12th/early 13th century. The outer enclosure to the south of the moat contains the parish church (TF 01 SW 10) and a number of small fishponds surviving as earthworks. A further fishpond lies to the north.
More information : (TF 049 128) Castle (site of). (1)

Earthworks, classified as a moated enclosure with stronger
defensive works (see plan). (2)

Residence probably built by the Busseys or Robert de Vipont at the end of the 12th or early in the 13th cent. For some centuries the residence of the Lords of the Manor and could have still been standing in Queen Elizabeth's reign. Site covers just over an acre and is encompassed by a deep moat. There is no tradition of any other Mansion House having existed, but records do not mention any castle. (This would appear to be a defended mansion house rather than a castle). (3)

The earthworks comprise a strongly ditched island with an outer court containing Essendine parish church to the south. A fishpond survives to the north but the smaller stews on the south side (shown on plan, Authy.2) were filled in before the 1939-45 war (local information). The site is flanked on the east by the River Glen. In reasonably good condition but has a fair covering of trees and undergrowth; no building foundations were seen. See 25" survey. (4)

TF 0494 1283. Essendine Castle moated site.
A large fortified manor site with a fishpond and an adjoining enclosure containing a church (TF 01 SW - excluded from the scheduling). The moat is very large, the outer dimensions being 100m square. The ditch is 30m wide on the western side, up to 40m on the North, and 3-4m deep. The moat island occupies an area of 50m x 55m. The adjoining fishpond of roughly triangular shape measures 60m x 30m maximum. The outer enclosure to the south side, is rectangular, measuring 120m x 50m overall and has access via a bridge. The strong defensive nature of the site and its similarities to Woodhead Castle (SK 91 SE 6) suggest a variation of a ringwork. Scheduled (RSM) No.17012. (5)

There is a large moated platform with a fishpond to the north and an enclosure on the south side containing a chapel (now the parish church). A complex of small fishponds is now ploughed away. The castle is described in an extent of 1417 (a-b) (6)

The moat described by the previous authorities was masked by
trees on the available air photographs. The fish ponds mapped by authority 2 to the south of the moat and thought to have been filled in before World War II by authority 4 are in fact visible on air photographs taken in 1947 (7a) and 1953 (7b). They were visible at TF 0495 1272 as a large L-shaped ditch with two parallel banks to the north of the ditch. (Morph Nos LI.771.2.1-2).

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database. (7)

Analysis of the site in relation to its Mediaeval landscpe, the church, manor etc. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1959
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Rutland: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 113
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 19-33
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 73, 1999
Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Rutland: volume two
Source details :
Page(s) : 250
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : B H Seaman/27-MAR-1972/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM Amendment Leicestershire 04-SEP-1991.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval earthworks of Rutland : a survey
Source details :
Page(s) : 15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7
Source Number : 6a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Blore T 1811 The History of Antiquities of Rutland Vol 1 pt 2 p201
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Damian Grady/30-NOV-1995/RCHME: Lincolnshire NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : RAF vertical AP CPE/UK/1932/3317 17/01/1947
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7b
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : CUCAP AP LJ 35 and 36 21/04/1953
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late C12/early C13
Monument End Date : 1232
Monument Start Date : 1167
Monument Type : Moat, Fishpond, Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 17012
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LEIC 166
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Leicestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 01SW G
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.771.2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 01 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 348330
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 01 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-03-27
End Date : 1972-03-27
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: LINCOLNSHIRE NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-07-01
End Date : 1997-03-01