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Historic England Research Records

Wheal Eliza Mine

Hob Uid: 35004
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7844938094
Summary : Wheal Eliza mine was active between 1845 and 1857 and was worked for copper and subsequently iron. The complex is visible as a series of shafts, spoil heaps, a range of ruined buildings, the remains of two leats, a wheel pit and a tail race. The two parts of the complex are linked by a modern footbridge.
More information : (SS 78453811) Wheal Eliza (disused) (NAT) (1)

Wheal Eliza Mine, active between 1845 and 1857, was first worked for copper, then iron. Various trial adits were dug before two main shafts were excavated to a depth of some 300 ft, pumped out by machinery powered from a waterwheel on the south side of the river. This was powered by two leats running back up the valley. (2)
A survey of the surviving remains was undertaken by Burrow and Jowson in 1979 for the Exmoor National Park (see plan) (3)

Wheal Eliza lies within the Barle valley at SS 7847 3812. It consists of several shafts, spoil heaps and a range of ruined buildings on the north side of the river. On the south side are the remains of two leats, a wheel pit and a tail race. The two parts of the complex are connected by a modern footbridge.

(Suggested for large-scale survey later in West Exmoor Project). (4-5)

The earthwork remains and ruined buildings of Wheal Eliza (originally called Wheal Maria) can be seen clearly on aerial photographs. On the north side of the River Barle, platforms and rectangular enclosures are visible, along with the footings of several buildings, presumably the cottages built here for the miners, or the blacksmiths and carpenters shops and Account house, which were completed in 1846.
On the southern slopes, the shaft itself can be distinguished, but the most prominent remains are those of the leats and tail race, both of which were constructed in 1847 as part of a water powered pumping system.
Worked ceased at Wheal Eliza in 1854, but started again briefly in 1856. By 1858 the mine had been abandoned and the machinery sold (6-8).

Recorded by NRIM. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10000 1980
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Batsford guide to the industrial archaeology of central southern England : Avon County, Gloucestershire, Somerset, Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 147
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Source Number : 3
Source : Somerset archaeology and natural history : the proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 134,136-7
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Vol(s) : 124 (1980)
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson-North W R 12-OCT-1994 RCHME Field Investigation.
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Source Number : 5
Source : English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Industrial Monuments Assessment, Step 3 Reports
Source details : Instone E, for the Monuments Protection Programme 1995: The Iron Mining Industry, Volume Four
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 543/2821 (F62) 169-70 27-APR-1964
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF CPE/UK/1980 3455-56 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 8
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Burton, R.A. 1989 "The Heritage of Exmoor" Maslands Ltd, Tiverton page(s) 132-35
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Source Number : 9
Source : National Record of Industrial Monuments
Source details : Recorded by S Everett, Apr-1967, Record No.SO95
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 1857
Monument Start Date : 1845
Monument Type : Ironstone Mine, Leat, Wheel Pit, Copper Mine, Tail Race, Building
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 33007
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO6802
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : NRI01
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 NE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1486644
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, NATIONAL RECORD OF INDUSTRIAL MONUMENTS
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 1960-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01