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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 35037

Hob Uid: 35037
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Brayford
Grid Ref : SS7264037572
Summary : A group of at least four Bronze Age barrows are visible as earthworks on moorland north of North Twitchen, Brayford. They are referred to by Grinsell as High Bray Barrow nos. 10-13 and vary in size and condition from 16m to 28m in diameter and 0.7m to 1m in height. At least two have suffered from stone robbing leaving hollows and trenches in their profiles. The Devon HER has identified a fifth barrow in the group, while aerial survey for Exmoor National park in 2008 has identified a possible sixth.
More information : A: SS 72533760; B: SS 72553757 )C: SS 72583754;D: SS 72743756 ) Tumuli (NR) (1)

A: "High Bray No 10", bowl barrow seen by Grinsell in April 1949. R Rainbird-Clarke, in 1938, records a ditch with causeway 3 paces wide on E, where traces of outer bank. Diameter 24 paces,height 3'.
B: "High Bray No 11", bowl barrow seen by Grinsell in April 1949. Diameter 13 paces, height 4'.
C: "High Bray No 12", bowl barrow seen by Grinsell in April 1949. Diameter 18 paces, height 2'.
D: "High Bray No 13", bowl barrow seen by Grinsell in April 1949. Diameter 23 paces, height 2 1/2'.(2)

Surrounded by shallow trench 5' wide lying within the margin of barrow. (Possibly not original (2).) Outer edge marked by circle of stones 67' in diameter, largest being 36" x 11 " x 9" high; 12 stones still extant. (3)

"A". A flat topped bowl barrow, 23.0 metres in diameter and 0.7 metres high with an 0.3 metre deep trench cut into the top of the slopes on the north side (see "D").
"B" SS 72543756. A bowl barrow up to 16.0 metres across and 1.0 metre high.
"C" SS 72563755. A spread bowl barrow up to 20.0 metres across and with an average height of 0.7 metres.
"D" SS72733755. A mutilated bowl barrow 28.0 metres in diameter and up to 0.7 metres high. An 0.3 metre deep trench has been dug into the top of the slope similar to "A" and SS 73 NW 5,'8'. Were these trenches dug to remove the retaining stones for road mending and hedging? Only a few of the stones noted by authority 3 are visible and these are at trench level. Published survey 1:2500 revised. (4)

Four barrows described above are clearly visible on aerial photographs as earthworks on moorland north of North Twitchen, Brayford. The Devonshire HER has identified a fifth barrow, while aerial survey undertaken in 2008 for Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme has identified a possible sixth. Possible ditches can be seen on aerial photographs as cropmarks surrounding barrows A and D, but these may be the trenches described above.
NB The Devon HER has numbered the barrows differently. The HER numbers for each barrow are as follows. A; 725, B;724, C;723 and D; 722. (5).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details :
Page(s) : 122
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28
Source Number : 3
Source : Devonshire Association reports and transactions
Source details :
Page(s) : 394
Figs. :
Plates : 6
Vol(s) : 37
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 04-MAR-73
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 106G/UK/1501 4046-47 13-MAY-1946
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 722
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 723
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 724
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 725
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MDE1196
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 73 NW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1485013
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1485011
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 73 NW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-03-04
End Date : 1973-03-04
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01