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Historic England Research Records

Kyme Tower

Hob Uid: 351033
Location :
Lincolnshire
North Kesteven
South Kyme
Grid Ref : TF1685049610
Summary : Stone keep, of 14th century date, is all that remains of the medieval castle, which was built between 1310 and 1381. The tower sits upon a mound and is surrounded by a moat, which still survives as an earthwork. There is evidence of other embanked earthwork structures within the moated enclosure. To the east of the keep are fishponds and other features of medieval of post-medieval date
More information : [TF 16854961] Kyme Tower [G.T.] Moat [G.T.]. (1)

Kyme Tower, of mid 14th c date, is the keep, 77 feet high, of the castle built by Gilbert de Umfraville (1310-1381), 3rd Earl of Angus whose father had married Lucy, the heiress of William of Kyme. The rest of the building which stood on the south side and communicated with the tower at first floor level was pulled down c.1720. The moat is waterfilled. For air photograph see AO/LP/63/296. See also TF 14 NE/1). Scheduled. (2-8)

See GP AO/64/370/7. AO/65/17/5. Published survey (25") revised. (9)

Fortified tower. Mid C14 with additions, removed c.1725. Built for Sir Gilbert de Umfraville. Coursed limestone ashlar. 4-storey, square tower 77 ft high, with square projecting stair tower at the south-east corner which rises slightly higher than the main tower. This tower is the earliest of a series of fortified towers built in this part of Lincolnshire, it is the only one built of stone, the
later ones like Tattershall Castle, The Tower on the Moor at Woodhall Spa, the Hussey Tower at Boston and Rochford Tower at Skirbeck are all built of brick. (10)

Listed by Cathcart King. (11)

Kyme tower and its associated earthworks are visible on air photographs. The tower sits on a mound and is surrounded by a moat on the north, north-east, west and south-west sides. In places the moated enclosure has a substantial outer bank, surviving particularly well along the south-west side. The Ordnance Survey depicts a ditch on the eastern side, but this is somewhat masked on air photographs, by shadows. The moated enclosure contains other internal features besides the tower and mound. It is not certain if these embanked features forming rectangular enclosures relate to the site of other demolished buildings.
To the east of the tower and the moated enclosure are two ponds, labelled fishponds on the OS map. There are other ditches and banks adjacent to the ponds, which may be later drainage and enclosures of medieval or post medieval date.
(12-13)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 25" 1905
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Source Number : 2
Source : Associated Architectural Societies' reports and papers [Lincoln, York, Northampton, Bedford, Worcester, Leicester and Sheffield ]
Source details : A F Sutton
Page(s) : 107
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 27, 1903-4
Source Number : 10
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : District of North Kesteven, 23-Nov-1990
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Source Number : 11
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 261
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Source Number : 12
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR TF 1649/14 NMR 1866/427 26-NOV-1980
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Source Number : 13
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP AWH11 05-NOV-1968
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Source Number : 3
Source : The little guides
Source details : Little Guide, Lincs 1924 189-90 (J C Cox)
Page(s) : 189-190
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Source Number : 3a
Source : The Gentleman's Magazine
Source details : Gent's Magazine 1826 pt.I 305
Page(s) : 305
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Directory of Lincs 3rd Edn 1872 622 (W White)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Sleaford, Flaxwell & Aswardhurn 1872 254-6 (E Trollope)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tout, T F, 1899. Dictionary of Nat Biography 58 (23)
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Source Number : 7
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (J K St Joseph BT/64, undated)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Ancient monuments in England and Wales : list prepared by the Ministry of Works, corrected to 31st December 1960
Source details :
Page(s) : 63
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JB 19-JAN-65
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Mid C14
Monument End Date : 1366
Monument Start Date : 1333
Monument Type : Keep, Moat, Mound, Enclosure, Fishpond, Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1367
Monument Type : Fortified House
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Enclosure, Drainage Ditch, Extractive Pit
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Lincolnshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 42
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : LI 42
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 22622
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 192771
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TF 14 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1408865
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TF 14 NE 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1965-01-19
End Date : 1965-01-19
Associated Activities : Primary, NORTH KYME TO SOUTH KYME WATER MAINS REPLACEMENT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: WITHAM VALLEY NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31