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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 35109

Hob Uid: 35109
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Brendon and Countisbury
Grid Ref : SS7895948828
Summary : A linear group of mounds, probably Bronze Age barrows, on west side of Cosgate Hill. They vary in size from 7m-10m in diameter and from 0.5 to 0.8m high. They have been disturbed by robbing. There was previously some suggestion that they may be of a later date.
More information : (SS 78924884 and SS 78954884 and SS 78994882) Tumuli (NR). (1)

A group of four bowl barrows, 'A' at (SS 78924884) diam 11 paces
ht 1ft; 'B' at (SS 78954884) diam 7 paces ht 6ins;'C' at (SS
78994882) diam 11 paces ht 2ft.; 'D' at SS 78964882 is 7 paces in
diam and 2ft high and is confluent with 'B'. Two of these barrows
are scheduled monuments. (2)

'A' SS 78924883 A mutilated bowl barrow diameter 12.0m. The bulk
of the mound has been dug away leaving a rim up to 0.4m high, except
on the W side where there is an 0.7m high gorse covered segment.

'B' SS 78954882 The fragmentary remains of a bowl barrow of
approximately 6.0m diameter. Its mound has been almost totally
removed except for an 0.4m high remnant on the W side. No trace
of a ditch.

'D' SS 78954882 A partially destroyed ditchless bowl barrow of
approx 7.5m in diameter; it was originally confluent with 'B'.
About one third of the mound, composed of turf-covered loose stone
and earth, survives on the E side to a height of 0.5m.

'C' SS 78994882 A well preserved turf-covered bowl barrow,
diameter 12.0m, height 0.8m. It has been slightly eroded on the N
side. There is no evidence of a ditch.

Publishes 1:2500 survey revised. (3)

A linear group of four features, previously interpreted as barrows, centred at SS 78954882, on the western side of Cosgate Hill.

"E" at SS 78884884. A turf-covered stony mound 7m in diameter and 0.5m high. Some stone is visible in places on the mound. Possibly a barrow.

"A" at SS 78924883. A hut circle-like feature measuring 10.6m in diameter. It comprises a heather-covered, circular stony bank 0.7m high and 2.4m wide. It is well defined on the downslope or western side, but is less visible on the east. The interior is not platformed or cut into the slope, which reinforces its interpretation as a very disturbed and robbed barrow.

"B" and "D" at SS 78954882. These have been previously recorded seperately but are in fact a single feature.

It comprises a sub-rectangular banked area measuring 11.6m by 7.0m; integral with it at the eastern end is a heightening broadening of the bank, resulting in a mound-like appearance. A similar mounding occurs at the western end, but is much slighter.

The whole feature is sharply defined. There are no internal features and no obvious entrance. Even allowing for excavation, robbing and other disturbance, it is difficult to envisage this feature as a former barrow, although its relationship with "E", "A" and "C" strengthens its interpretation.

"C" at SS 78994882. A very well defined mound measuring 10m in diameter and 0.8m high. It has a summit diameter of 3.5m. A hollow, 1.6m in diameter, has been dug into its top. A well preserved barrow.

The interpretation of these features as barrows must be qualified by the appearance of "B"/"D", and by the other features on Cosgate Hill (see SS 74 NE 9 and 10) previously accepted as barrows, but whose interpretation is perhaps more complex, possibly suggesting a post Medieval and perhaps military function. However, "A", "C" and "B"/"D" are all depicted in 1890 (4). (5)

The features are as described by authority 4 above. Their nature of construction, position and relationship with each other all suggest that these features represent the remains of prehistoric barrows. (6)

These features were recorded at 1:2500 scale using GPS equipment as part of an archaeological survey of the Cosgate Hill area. The survey was undertaken by the Exeter office of English Heritage at the request of the Exmoor National park Authority. A report was compiled as part of the survey work and is available from the NMRC, Swindon. (7)

Three round barrows of probable Bronze Age date are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, on the western side of Cosgate Hill, Countisbury parish, centred on circa SS 78944883. Although the clarity of the barrows on the available aerial photographs is poor, probably due to dense and irregular vegetation cover, the disturbed condition of barrow `A¿ is clear on photographs of 1952 and 1970 (8-9).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1962
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Source Number : 2
Source : Devon Archaeological Society proceedings
Source details :
Page(s) : 116
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JWS 24-SEP-74
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS 1st ed. 25" mapping Devonshire Sheet III.12
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson-North WR 14-NOV-93 RCHME Field Investigation
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Jamieson E 2002. English Heritage Field Investigation.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Jamieson E 2002. Cosgate Hill, Countisbury, Devon. English Heritage Survey Report.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 540/910 (F20) 4051-2 17-OCT-1952
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/70064 031-2 03-MAY-1970
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Mound
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS74NE504
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS74NE511
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS74NE512
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SS74NE563
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 668
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 12220
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 12221
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SS 74 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-09-24
End Date : 1974-09-24
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COSGATE HILL
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2001-12-01
End Date : 2002-02-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01